GC22B:
Emerging Issues in Nighttime Environmental Remote Sensing and Earth System Science Applications I


Session ID#: 10430

Session Description:
A new generation of satellite instruments, pioneered by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB), now offer global measurements of nocturnal visible and near-infrared light that are suitable for Earth science and climate studies. These novel low-light measurements have opened doors to a wealth of new and expanded interdisciplinary research topics, including urban sustainability, improved weather forecasting, and enhanced climate data records. We are requesting abstracts in the following topic areas:

-Fundamental questions and challenges surrounding quantitative nighttime remote sensing;

-Novel capabilities, applications, and algorithms involving VIIRS DNB measurements of interest to the research and operational communities;

-Stability, accuracy, and calibration of nighttime observations;

-Extension of physical models of radiative transfer to characterize the nighttime environment;

-Quantitative assessments of diurnal variation in atmospheric, land, cryospheric, and ocean properties;

-Observation requirements for characterization of the nighttime environment on future sensors/platforms;

-Temporal studies of night light for change detection.

Primary Conveners:  Miguel O Roman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Conveners:  Edward J Hyer, Naval Research Laboratory, Marine Meteorology Division, Monterey, CA, United States, Steven D Miller, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Fort Collins, CO, United States and Changyong Cao, NOAA College Park, College Park, MD, United States
Chairs:  Miguel O Roman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States and Edward J Hyer, Naval Research Laboratory, Marine Meteorology Division, Monterey, CA, United States
OSPA Liaisons:  Miguel O Roman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States

Cross-Listed:
  • A - Atmospheric Sciences
  • B - Biogeosciences
  • C - Cryosphere
  • OS - Ocean Sciences
Index Terms:

0310 Airglow and aurora [ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE]
0480 Remote sensing [BIOGEOSCIENCES]
1640 Remote sensing [GLOBAL CHANGE]
4337 Remote sensing and disasters [NATURAL HAZARDS]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Changyong Cao1, Wenhui Wang2, Shihyan Lee1, Xi Shao3, Yan Bai1 and STAR VIIRS SDR DNB team, (1)NOAA College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (2)University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States, (3)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States
Xi Shao1, Changyong Cao2, Tung-Chang Liu1, Bin Zhang3, Shing F Fung4 and A Surjalal Sharma5, (1)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (2)NOAA College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (3)Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States, (4)NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (5)Univ Maryland, College Park, MD, United States
Kimberly Baugh, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States
Zhuosen Wang1, Miguel O Roman2, Virginia L. Kalb2, Eleanor Stokes3 and Steven D Miller4, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT, United States, (4)Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Eric Stevens, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States
Tomohiro Oda1, Shamil S Maksyutov2, Robert J Andres3, Christopher Elvidge4, Kimberly Baugh5, Feng Chi Hsu5 and Miguel O Roman6, (1)Universities Space Research Association/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)NIES National Institute of Environmental Studies, Ibaraki, Japan, (3)Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States, (4)NGDC NOAA, Boulder, CO, United States, (5)Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (6)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Andi Walther, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, Madison, WI, United States, Steven D Miller, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Fort Collins, CO, United States and Andrew K Heidinger, NOAA/NESDIS, Madison, WI, United States
Daniel Perez-Ramirez1, Hassan Lyamani2, Francisco José Olmo Reyes2, Lucas Alados-Arboledas2, David N Whiteman1 and Jesus Aceituno3, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)University of Granada, Granada, Spain, (3)Calar Alto Astronomical Center, Granada, Spain