ECOSTRESS: NASA'S Next-Generation Mission to Measure Evapotranspiration from the International Space Station

Wednesday, 16 December 2015: 09:30
3022 (Moscone West)
Joshua B Fisher1, Simon J Hook1, Richard G Allen2, Martha C. Anderson3, Andrew N French4, Christopher Hain5, Glynn C Hulley1 and Eric F Wood6, (1)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)Univ Idaho, Kimberly, ID, United States, (3)USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD, United States, (4)USDA/ARS, U.S. ALARC, Maricopa, AZ, United States, (5)University of Maryland, CMNS-Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, College Park, MD, United States, (6)Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, United States
In 2014, NASA selected the ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) as part of the call for Earth Venture Instruments. Built and led out of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), ECOSTRESS will produce Land Surface Temperature, Evapotranspiration, Water Use Efficiency, and Evaporative Stress Index data products at 38x57 m spatial resolution every few days from the International Space Station. Moreover, because of the shifting orbit of the Space Station, ECOSTRESS will be able to construct a diurnal cycle of measurements enabling detection of, for example, afternoon stomatal closure in water stressed areas; detection is further enhanced in heterogeneous environments (e.g., mixed-species forests, agricultural areas) by the high spatial resolution. ECOSTRESS is scheduled for launch in 2017.