Transient Effects in Atmosphere and Ionosphere preceding the two 2015 M7.8 and M7.3 Earthquakes in Nepal

Wednesday, 16 December 2015: 11:20
307 (Moscone South)
Dimitar Ouzounov1, Sergey A Pulinets2, Manuel Hernandez-Pajares3, Alberto Garcia Alberto Garcia Rigo3, Dmitry Davidenko4, Nikolaos Hatzopoulos1 and Menas Kafatos1, (1)Chapman University, CEESMO, Orange, CA, United States, (2)Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia, (3)Univ. Polit. Catalunya (UPC), IonSAT research group, Barcelona, Spain, (4)Space Corporation Energiya, Moscow, Russia
The recent M7.8 Nepal earthquake of April 25, 2015 was the largest recorded earthquake event to hit this nation since 1934. We prospectively and retrospectively analyzed the transient variations of three different physical parameters – outgoing earth radiation (OLR), GPS/TEC and the thermodynamic proprieties in the lower atmosphere. These changes characterize the state of the atmosphere and ionosphere several days before the onset of this earthquake. Our preliminary results show that in mid March 2015 a rapid increase of emitted infrared radiation was observed from the satellite data and an anomaly near the epicenter reached the maximum on April 21-22. The ongoing analysis of satellite radiation revealed another transient anomaly on May 3th, probably associated with the M7.3 of May 12, 2015. The analysis of air temperature form ground stations show similar patterns of rapid increases offset 1-2 days earlier to the satellite transient anomalies.The GPS/TEC data indicate an increase and variation in electron density reaching a maximum value during April 22-24. We found a strong negative TEC anomaly in the crest of EIA (Equatorial Ionospheric Anomaly) on April 21st and strong positive on April 24th, 2015. Our results show strong ionospheric effects not only in the changes of the EIA intensity but also within the latitudinal movements of the crests of EIA.