Considerations of solar wind dynamics in mapping of Jupiter’s auroral features to magnetospheric sources

Wednesday, 16 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
Szilard Gyalay1, Marissa Vogt2 and Paul Withers2, (1)University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (2)Boston University, Boston, MA, United States
Previous studies have mapped locations from the magnetic equator to the ionosphere in order to understand how auroral features relate to magnetospheric sources. Vogt et al. (2011) in particular mapped equatorial regions to the ionosphere by using a method of flux equivalence—requiring that the magnetic flux in a specified region at the equator is equal to the magnetic flux in the region to which it maps in the ionosphere. This is preferred to methods relying on tracing field lines from global Jovian magnetic field models, which are inaccurate beyond 30 Jupiter radii from the planet. That previous study produced a two-dimensional model—accounting for changes with radial distance and local time—of the normal component of the magnetic field in the equatorial region. However, this two-dimensional fit—which aggregated all equatorial data from Pioneer 10, Pioneer 11, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Ulysses, and Galileo—did not account for temporal variability resulting from changing solar wind conditions. Building off of that project, this study aims to map the Jovian aurora to the magnetosphere for two separate cases: with a nominal magnetosphere, and with a magnetosphere compressed by high solar wind dynamic pressure. Using the Michigan Solar Wind Model (mSWiM) to predict the solar wind conditions upstream of Jupiter, intervals of high solar wind dynamic pressure were separated from intervals of low solar wind dynamic pressure—thus creating two datasets of magnetometer measurements to be used for two separate 2D fits, and two separate mappings.