Holocene Relative Sea-Level Changes from Near-, Intermediate-, and Far-Field Locations

Friday, 18 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
Jennifer Sue Walker1, Nicole Khan2, Timothy Shaw2, Erica Ashe1, Matteo Vacchi3, W Richard Peltier4, Robert E Kopp5 and Ben Horton6, (1)Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (2)Rutgers University, Marine and Coastal Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (3)CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence Cedex, France, (4)University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, (5)Rutgers University New Brunswick, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (6)Rutgers University New Brunswick, Marine and Coastal Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ, United States
Holocene relative sea-level (RSL) records exhibit spatial and temporal variability that arises mainly from the interaction of eustatic (land ice volume and thermal expansion) and isostatic (glacio- and hydro-) factors. We fit RSL histories from near-, intermediate-, and far-field locations with noisy-input Gaussian process models to assess rates of RSL change from selected study areas. Records from near-field regions (e.g., Antarctica, Greenland, Canada, Sweden, and Scotland) reveal a complex pattern of RSL fall from a maximum marine limit due to the net effect of eustatic sea-level rise and glacial-isostatic uplift with rates of RSL fall as great as -69 ± 9 m/ka. Intermediate-field regions (e.g., mid-Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, Netherlands, Southern France, St. Croix) display variable rates of RSL rise from the cumulative effect of isostatic and eustatic factors. Fast rates of RSL rise (up to 10 ± 1 m/ka) are found in the early Holocene in regions near the center of forebulge collapse. Far-field RSL records exhibit a mid-Holocene highstand, the timing (between 8 and 4 ka) and magnitude (between <1 and 6 m) of which varies across South America, Africa, Asia and Australia regions.