Full-waveform Inversion for Localized 3-D S-velocity Structure in D" Beneath the Caribbean using US-Array Data
Monday, 14 December 2015: 17:45
307 (Moscone South)
The region beneath Central America is known to have significant lateral velocity heterogeneities from the upper mantle down to the lowermost mantle. It is also known for its long history of subducting oceanic plates and fragmented plate remnants that sunk to the lowermost mantle (e.g., Ren et al., 2007). In this study, we use localized full-waveform inversion to invert for the 3-D S-velocity beneath the Caribbean. We use the DSM (Kawai et al., 2006) to compute 1-D synthetic seismograms and the first-order Born approximation to compute the partial derivatives for 3-D structure. We use a larger dataset with better coverage than Kawai et al. (2014), consisting of S and ScS phases from US-Array data for events in South America. The resulting 3-D model can contribute to understanding whether the cause of the velocity anomalies is thermal, chemical, or due to phase transitions.