A High Space-Time Resolution Dataset Linking Meteorological Forcing and Hydro-Sedimentary Response in a Mesoscale Mediterranean Catchment (Auzon) of the Ardèche Region, France
Friday, 18 December 2015: 14:40
3020 (Moscone West)
A comprehensive hydrometeorological dataset is presented spanning the period 1 Jan 2011-31 Dec 2014 to improve the understanding and simulation of the hydrological processes leading to flash floods in a mesoscale catchment (Auzon, 116 km2) of the Mediterranean region. The specificity of the dataset is its high space-time resolution, especially concerning rainfall and the hydrological response which is particularly adapted to the highly spatially variable rainfall events that may occur in this region. This type of dataset is rare in scientific literature because of the quantity and type of sensors for meteorology and surface hydrology. Rainfall data include continuous precipitation measured by rain-gages (5 min time step for the research network of 21 rain-gages and 1h time step for the operational network of 9 rain-gages), S-band Doppler dual-polarization radar (1 km2, 5 min resolution), and disdrometers (11 sensors working at 1 min time step). During the special observation period (SOP-1) and enhanced observation period (Sep-Dec 2012, Sep-Dec 2013) of the HyMeX (Hydrological Cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment) project, two X-band radars provided precipitation measurements at very fine spatial and temporal scales (1 ha, 5 min). Meteorological data are taken from the operational surface weather observation stations of Meteo France at the hourly time resolution (6 stations in the region of interest). The monitoring of surface hydrology and suspended sediment is multi-scale and based on nested catchments. Three hydrometric stations measure water discharge and additional physico-chemical variables at a 2-10 min time resolution. Two experimental plots monitor overland flow and erosion at 1 min time resolution on a hillslope with vineyard. A network of 11 gauges continuously measures water level and temperature in headwater subcatchments at a time resolution of 2-5 min. A network of soil moisture sensors enable the continuous measurement of soil volumetric water content at 20 min time resolution at 9 sites. Additionally, opportunistic observations (soil moisture measurements and stream gauging) were performed during floods between 2012 and 2014. The data are appropriate for understanding rainfall variability, improving areal rainfall estimations and progress in distributed hydrological modelling.