Fractal patterns in riverbed morphology produce fractal scaling of water storage times.

Wednesday, 16 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
Antoine F Aubeneau, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States, Raleigh L. Martin, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States, Diogo Bolster, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, United States, Rina Schumer, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, United States, Douglas J Jerolmack, Univ of PA-Earth &Envir Scienc, Philadelphia, PA, United States and Aaron Ian Packman, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States
River topography is famously fractal, and the fractality of the sediment bed-surface can produce scaling in solute residence time distributions. Empirical evidence showing the relationship between fractal bed-topography and scaling of hyporheic travel-times is still lacking. We performed experiments to make high resolution observations of streambed topography and solute transport over naturally-formed sand bedforms in a large laboratory flume. We analyzed the results using both numerical and theoretical models. We found that fractal properties of the bed topography affected solute residence time distributions. Overall, our experimental, numerical and theoretical results provide evidence for a coupling between the sand-bed topography and the anomalous transport scaling in rivers. Larger bedforms induced greater hyporheic exchange and faster porewater turn-over relative to smaller bedforms, suggesting that the structure of legacy morphology may be more important to solute and contaminant transport in streams and rivers than previously recognized.