High resolution and comprehensive techniques to analyze aerobic methane oxidation in mesocosm experiments

Wednesday, 16 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
John D Kessler1, Eric W Chan1, Molly C Redmond2, Alan M Shiller3, Eleanor C Arrington1, David L Valentine4 and Frank Colombo5, (1)University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, United States, (2)University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, United States, (3)University of Southern Mississippi, Dept. of Marine Science, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, (4)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (5)Pactech Packaging LLC, Rochester, NY, United States
Many studies of microbially mediated aerobic methane oxidation in oceanic environments have examined the many different factors that control the rates of oxidation. However, there is debate on how quickly methane is oxidized once a microbial population is established and what factor(s) are limiting in these types of environments. These factors include the availability of CH4, O2, trace metals, nutrients, and the density of cell population. Limits to these factors can also control the temporal aspects of a methane oxidation event. In order to look at this process in its entirety and with higher temporal resolution, a mesocosm incubation system was developed with a Dissolved Gas Analyzer System (DGAS) coupled with a set of analytical tools to monitor aerobic methane oxidation in real time. With the addition of newer laser spectroscopy techniques (cavity ringdown spectroscopy), stable isotope fractionation caused by microbial processes can also be examined on a real time and automated basis. Cell counting, trace metal, nutrient, and DNA community analyses have also been carried out in conjunction with these mesocosm samples to provide a clear understanding of the biology in methane oxidation dynamics. This poster will detail the techniques involved to provide insights into the chemical and isotopic kinetics controlling aerobic methane oxidation. Proof of concept applications will be presented from seep sites in the Hudson Canyon and the Sleeping Dragon seep field, Mississippi Canyon 118 (MC 118). This system was used to conduct mesocosm experiments to examine methane consumption, O2 consumption, nutrient consumption, and biomass production.