Temporal-Spatial Pattern of Pre–earthquake Signatures in Atmosphere and Ionosphere Associated with Major Earthquakes in Greece.
Tuesday, 15 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
We are conducting validation studies on atmosphere/ionosphere phenomena preceding major earthquakes in Greece in the last decade and in particular the largest (M6.9) earthquakes that occurred on May 24, 2014 in the Aegean Sea and on February 14, 2008 in South West Peloponisos (Methoni). Our approach is based on monitoring simultaneously a series of different physical parameters from space: Outgoing long-wavelength radiation (OLR) on the top of the atmosphere, electron and electron density variations in the ionosphere via GPS Total Electron Content (GPS/TEC), and ULF radiation and radiation belt electron precipitation (RBEP) accompanied by VLF wave activity into the topside ionosphere. In particular, we analyzed prospectively and retrospectively the temporal and spatial variations of various parameters characterizing the state of the atmosphere and ionosphere several days before the two M6.9 earthquakes. Concerning the Methoni EQ, DEMETER data confirm an almost standard profile before large EQs, with TEC, ULF, VLF and RBEP activity preceding some (four) days the EQ occurrence and silence the day of EQ; furthermore, during the period before the EQ, a progressive concentration of ULF emission centers around the future epicenter was confirmed. Concerning the recent Greek EQ of May 24, 2014, thermal anomaly was discovered 30 days and TEC anomaly 38 hours in advance accordingly. The spatial characteristics of pre-earthquake anomalous behavior were associated with the epicentral region. Our analysis of simultaneous space measurements before the great EQs suggests that they follow a general temporal-spatial pattern, which has been seen in other large EQs worldwide.