PGE and Re-Os Isotope Behaviour in a Subduction-Modified Mantle Wedge: A Fresh Look into the Peridotites from the Ulten Zone, Eastern Alps
Abstract:Peridotites in the upper Austroalpine Ulten zone (Eastern Italy) sample the subduction-modified Variscan mantle wedge. Metasomatism of peridotites during four stages of mantle wedge evolution includes: (1) Intrusion of alkaline melts from an inner, subduction-modified wedge and cryptic enrichment of spinel lherzolites (SL); (2) Reaction with siliceous crustal melts after pressure increase, generating coarse-grained garnet amphibole peridotites (GAP); (3) Crystallisation of abundant amphibole (± apatite and dolomite) from residual hydrous fluids during and/or after peak metamorphism recorded by fine-grained GAP;  Subsequent influx of crustal fluids, causing retrograde formation of spinel chlorite amphibole peridotites (SAP) [1-5]. SL and coarse GAP are apparently more fertile, whereas fine GAP and SAP retain the most depleted major-element characteristics. Overall, samples fall on partial melting trends consistent with extraction of low degrees of melt (F≤0.15) at 2-1 GPa.
SL and coarse GAP have ±flat PGE patterns normalised to Primitive Upper Mantle (PUM), or show small decreases or increases from compatible to incompatible PGE. This suggests retention of primary sulphide liquid at low degrees of melting, during which PGE concentrations are little fractionated . Indeed, broad positive correlations between the PGE suggest a common host, likely sulphide, observed in the samples as assemblages of pn ± po and cpy. Most fine-GAP share these patterns, indicating robustness against massive hydrous fluid influx, while Os/Ir > PUM argue against strong Os scavenging by highly oxidising hydrous fluids. Nevertheless, elevated Ru/IrPUM in a subgroup of samples may indicate a role for spinel addition under oxidising conditions. Most samples have 187Os/188Os >PUM, despite sub-PUM Re/Os, which requires addition of, or isotopic equilibration with, 187Os-rich crustal components, most likely via the precipitation of metasomatic sulphide.
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