Diffuse Interplanetary Radio Emission (DIRE) Accompanying Type II Radio Bursts

Friday, 18 December 2015
Poster Hall (Moscone South)
Tsega Berhane Teklu1, Nat Gopalswamy2, Pertti A Makela3, Seiji Yashiro3, Sachiko Akiyama4 and Hong Xie3, (1)Catholic University of America, Physics, Washinton DC, WA, United States, (2)NASA Goddard SFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, United States, (4)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
We report on an unusual drifting feature in the radio dynamic spectra at frequencies below 14 MHz observed by the Radio and Plasma Wave (WAVES) experiment on board the Wind spacecraft. We call this feature as “Diffuse Interplanetary Radio Emission (DIRE)”. The DIRE events are generally associated with intense interplanetary type II radio bursts produced by shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs). DIREs drift like type II bursts in the dynamic spectra, but the drifting feature consist of a series of short-duration spikes (similar to a type I chain). DIREs occur at higher frequencies than the associated type II bursts, with no harmonic relationship with the type II burst. The onset of DIREs is delayed by several hours from the onset of the eruption. Comparing the radio dynamic spectra with white-light observations from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission, we find that the CMEs are generally very energetic (fast and mostly halos). We suggest that the DIRE source is typically located at the flanks of the CME-driven shock that is still at lower heliocentric distances.