Possible Time Dependent Deformation over Socorro Magma Body from GPS and InSAR
Abstract:The Socorro Magma Body (SMB) is one of the largest, currently active magma intrusions in the Earth’s continental crust. The area of Socorro is a segment of the Rio Grande Rift that display a broad seismic anomaly and ground deformation. The seismic reflector is imaged at 19 km depth coinciding with the occurrence of numerous small earthquake swarms. Broad crustal uplift was also observed above this reflector and led to the hypothesis of the presence of a large mid-crustal sill-like magma body. Previous geodetic studies over the area reveal ground deformation at the rate of 2-3 mm/yr from 1992 to 2006. The magma body was modeled as a penny-shaped crack of 21 km radius at 19 km depth based on InSAR results [Finnegan et. al., 2009].
In this study we expand the uplift measurement period over the SMB to two decades by using additional InSAR and GPS observations. We extended the InSAR observation record by analyzing 27 Envisat scenes acquired during the years 2006-2010. Continuous GPS observation acquired by the SC01 station since 2001 and three more recent Plate Boundary Observatory stations, which were installed between 2005 and 2011, provide high temporal record of uplift over the past decade and a half. We analyzed the InSAR data using ROI_PAC software package and calculated the temporal evolution of the vertical displacement using time series analysis. Preliminary results of 2006-2010 Envisat data show no significant deformation above the 1-2 mm noise level, which disagree with the previous ERS-1/2 results; 2-3 mm/yr during 1992-2006. This disagreement suggests a time dependent uplift of the SMB, which is also supported by GPS observations. The average uplift rate of the SC01 station is 0.9±0.02 mm/yr for 2001-2015 and 0.6±0.08 mm/yr for 2006-2010. Furthermore the SC01 time series exhibits episodic uplift events. The observed time dependent uplift suggests that magma supply in the middle crust may also occur episodically, as in shallow magmatic systems.