Magnetic Field Gain in a Laboratory Model of the Earth’s Outer Core
Wednesday, 16 December 2015: 15:25
2007 (Moscone West)
The University of Maryland Three Meter Experiment, a spherical Couette experiment filled with liquid sodium and geometrically similar to the earth's core, is used to study hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic phenomena in rapidly rotating turbulence. An external coil applies a magnetic field in order to study hydromagnetic effects relevant to the earth's outer core such as dynamo gain, while an array of 31 external Hall sensors measures the Gauss coefficients of the resulting magnetic field. The flow state is strongly dependent on Rossby number, Ro=(ΩI−ΩO)/ΩO, where ΩI and ΩO are the inner and outer sphere rotation frequencies. The flow state is inferred from the torque required to drive the inner sphere. The generation of internal toroidal magnetic field through the Ω-effect is measured by a Hall probe inserted into the sodium. A self-sustaining dynamo has not yet been observed at rotation speeds up to ΩO=3 Hz, which is 3/4 of the design maximum of the experiment. However, continuous dipole amplification up to 12\% of a small applied field has been observed at Ro=−17.7 while bursts of dipole field have been observed up to 15\% of a large external applied field at Ro=+6.0 and up to 20\% of a small applied field at Ro=+2.15. This project was supported by NSF EAR 1417148.