Global simulation of ice-nucleating particles and implications for cloud radiative effects

Ken S Carslaw1, Jesus Vergara Temprado2, Benjamin John Murray3, Paul Field4, Daniel O'Sullivan5, Jo Browse6, Kirsty Pringle1, Karin Ardon-Dryer7, Allan K Bertram8, Susannah M Burrows9, Darius Ceburnis10, Paul J DeMott11, Ryan Mason12, Colin D. D. O'Dowd10, Matteo Rinaldi13 and Theodore W Wilson5, (1)University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, (2)University of Leeds, Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science (ICAS), Leeds, United Kingdom, (3)Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Denver, CO, United States, (4)Met Office, Exeter, United Kingdom, (5)University of Leeds, School of Earth and Environment, Leeds, United Kingdom, (6)University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2, United Kingdom, (7)MIT, Cambridge, MA, United States, (8)University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, (9)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, (10)National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, (11)Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, United States, (12)University of British Columbia, chemistry, Vancouver, BC, Canada, (13)CNR Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Bologna, Italy