Electrostatic waves and electron reflection mechanisms at moderate Mach number shocks driven by CME: 3D PIC simulations

Zhongwei Yang1, Ying D. Liu1,2, Quanming Lu3, George K Parks4, Rui Wang1, Huidong Hu1 and Mingzhe Liu5, (1)NSSC National Space Science Center, CAS, Beijing, China, (2)UCAS University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, (3)University of Science and Technology of China, Department of Geophysics and Planetary Science, Hefei, China, (4)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (5)NSSC, CAS, Beijing, China