Asymmetric Responses of Primary Productivity to Altered Precipitation Simulated by Land Surface Models across Three Long-term Grassland Sites

Donghai Wu1, Philippe Ciais2, Nicolas Viovy2, Alan Knapp3, Kevin Wilcox4, Michael Bahn5, Melinda Dianne Smith3, Akihiko Ito6, Almut Arneth7, Anna B Harper8, Anna Ukkola9, Athanasios Paschalis10, Benjamin Poulter11, Changhui Peng12, Christian H. Reick13, Daniel J Hayes14, Daniel M Ricciuto15, David Reinthaler5, Guangsheng Chen16, Hanqin Tian16, Genet Helene17, Jakob Zscheischler18, Jiafu Mao15, Johannes Ingrisch5, Julia Nabel13, Julia Pongratz13, Lena Boysen13, Markus Kautz7, Michael Schmitt5, Michaela Krohn5, Ning Zeng19, Patrick Meir20, Qian Zhang21, Qiuan Zhu12, Roland Hasibeder5, Sara Vicca22, Sebastian Sippel18, Shree R.S. Dangal16, Simone Fatichi23, Stephen Sitch24, Xiaoying Shi15, Yingping Wang25, Yiqi Luo4, Yongwen Liu1 and Shilong Piao1, (1)Peking University, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China, (2)LSCE Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-Sur-Yvette, France, (3)Colorado State University, Department of Biology and Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Fort Collins, CO, United States, (4)University of Oklahoma, Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, Norman, OK, United States, (5)University of Innsbruck, Institute of Ecology, Innsbruck, Austria, (6)National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan, (7)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, (8)University of Exeter, College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Exeter, United Kingdom, (9)University of New South Wales, ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, NSW, Australia, (10)Imperial College London, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, London, United Kingdom, (11)Montana State University, Institute on Ecosystems and the Department of Ecology, Bozeman, MT, United States, (12)University of Quebec at Montreal, Institute of Environment Sciences, Montreal, QC, Canada, (13)Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, (14)University of Maine, School of Forest Resources, Orono, ME, United States, (15)Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Division and Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge, TN, United States, (16)Auburn University, International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn, AL, United States, (17)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Arctic Biology, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (18)Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany, (19)University of Maryland, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, College Park, MD, United States, (20)University of Edinburgh, School of GeoSciences, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, (21)Beijing Normal University, School of Geography, Beijing, China, (22)University of Antwerp, Department of Biology, Antwerp, Belgium, (23)ETH Zurich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Zurich, Switzerland, (24)University of Exeter, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Exeter, United Kingdom, (25)CSIRO, Ocean and Atmosphere Flagship, Aspendale, Australia