PP032:
Paleoclimate variability in the Indo-Pacific region





Session ID#: 22152

Session Description:
The Indo-Pacific plays a critical role in global climate and yet for such a vitally important region, there are relatively few long term or continuous records. Many outstanding questions exist regarding the impact of Indo-Pacific circulation on the climate and environment of surrounding landmasses, with special focus on the Asian and Australasian monsoons. Recent research efforts, including several IODP and ICDP expeditions focusing on the Indo-Pacific, aim to better understand the complex oceanographic and paleoclimate history of this region.

This session encourages contributions with a multidisciplinary approach. Contributions explore geological and oceanographic proxies applied to elucidate the history of the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific on timescales from the Neogene to the present. These include reconstructions of paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, paleoecology and continental erosion/weathering based on marine, lacustrine and terrestrial records using new approaches in sedimentology, isotope geochemistry, modelling and paleontology.

Primary Convener:  David De Vleeschouwer, MARUM - University of Bremen, Palaeoceanography, Bremen, Germany
Conveners:  Briony L Mamo, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Tali Lea Babila, University of California Santa Cruz, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA, United States and Peter Dominic Clift, Louisiana State University, Geology and Geophysics, Baton Rouge, LA, United States

Cross-Listed:
  • B - Biogeosciences
  • EP - Earth and Planetary Surface Processes
  • GC - Global Environmental Change
  • OS - Ocean Sciences
Index Terms:

0429 Climate dynamics [BIOGEOSCIENCES]
4273 Physical and biogeochemical interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4825 Geochemistry [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL]
4901 Abrupt/rapid climate change [PALEOCEANOGRAPHY]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Christopher William Kinsley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States, David McGee, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Cambridge, MA, United States, Chloe H Anderson, Boston University, Earth and Environment, Boston, MA, United States, Richard W Murray, Boston Univ, Boston, MA, United States, Ryuji Tada, Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Carlos A Alvarez Zarikian, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States and IODP Expedition 346 Scientists
Theresa Fritz-Endres1, Petra Dekens1, Jennifer S Fehrenbacher2, Howard J Spero3 and Alexander Stine1, (1)San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, United States, (2)Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States, (3)University California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Tyler R Jones, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Boulder, CO, United States, William H.G. Roberts, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8, United Kingdom, Eric J. Steig, University of Washington, Earth and Space Sciences, Seattle, WA, United States, Kurt M Cuffey, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, Bradley R Markle, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States and James W C White, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Geological Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States
Alexandria Desirae Lagos1, Petra Dekens1, Brendan T Reilly2, Peter A Selkin3, Laure Meynadier4 and Jairo F Savian5, (1)San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, United States, (2)COAS, Corvallis, OR, United States, (3)U Washington, Tacoma, Tacoma, WA, United States, (4)Institut de Physique du Globe, Paris, France, (5)Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Geology, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Beth Holmes1, Petra Dekens1, Michael E Weber2, Hendrik Lantzsch3, Brendan T Reilly4, Supriyo K Das5, Yasmina M. Martos6 and Trevor Williams7, (1)San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, United States, (2)University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, (3)University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (4)Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, (5)Presidency University, Kolkata, India, (6)British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom, (7)Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States
Thomas Leighton Collins Weiss, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States and Braddock K Linsley, Lamont -Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States
Rebecca Anne Smith, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, United States, Isla S. Castañeda, UMass Amherst-Geosciences, Amherst, MA, United States, Jorijntje Henderiks, Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, Beth Anne Christensen, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States, David De Vleeschouwer, MARUM - University of Bremen, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen, Germany, Willem Renema, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands, Jeroen Groeneveld, MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, Kara Bogus, IODP, College Station, TX, United States, Stephen J. Gallagher, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Craig Fulthorpe, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States and IODP Expedition 356 Scientists, Texas A&M University College Station, College Station, TX, United States
Fuqing Jiang, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Qingdao, China, Xiao Zhu, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China and IODP Expedition 351 Scientists
Daniel P Babin, New York, United States, Sidney R Hemming, Columbia University in the City of New York, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, New York, NY, United States, Margit Simon, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom, Ian R Hall, Cardiff University, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom, Allison M Franzese, CUNY Hostos Community College, Natural Sciences, Bronx, NY, United States, Steven L Goldstein, Columbia University, Palisades, NY, United States, Yue Cai, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY, United States, Tanzhuo Liu, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States, Matthew A Johns, Columbia University of New York, Palisades, NY, United States, Luis Tejada, Lamont -Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States, Leah LeVay, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, United States and Expedition 361 Scientists
Stephen J Gallagher, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia, Jackson McCaffrey, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Malcolm William Wallace, University of Melbourne, School of Earth Sciences, Parkville, Australia, Myra Keep, UWA, Perth, WA, Australia, Craig Fulthorpe, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, Kara Bogus, IODP, College Station, TX, United States and Cecilia McHugh, CUNY Queens College, Flushing, NY, United States
Gregory S Mountain, Rutgers University, Earth & Planetary Sciences, Piscataway, NJ, United States, James V Browning, Rutgers University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Piscataway, NJ, United States, Samantha Claudia Bova, Rutgers University, Marine & Coastal Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ, United States and Scientific Team of IODP Drilling Expedition 363
Li Lo1,2, Chih-Kai Chuang2, Kuo-Yen Wei3, Chuan-Chou Shen4, Horng-Sheng Mii5 and Yuan-Pin Chang6, (1)Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Guangzhou, China, (2)High-precision Mass Spectrometry and Environment Change lab (HISPEC), Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, ROC, Taipei, Taiwan, (3)Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, (4)Department of Geoscience, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, (5)Department of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, (6)NSYSU National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Jeroen Groeneveld1, Mahyar Mohtadi1, Andreas Lückge2 and Jürgen Pätzold3, (1)MARUM - University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (2)Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, 30655 Hannover, Germany, (3)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Santi Dwi Pratiwi, Independent Geoscientist, Jakarta, Indonesia; Independent Geoscientist, Geology, Jakarta, Indonesia and Tokiyuki Sato, Akita University, Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita, Japan
Takeshige Ishiwa, NIPR National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan, Yusuke Yokoyama, AORI, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-Shi, Chiba, Japan, Cecilia McHugh, CUNY Queens College, Flushing, NY, United States, Lars Reuning, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany and Stephen J Gallagher, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Ryuji Tada1, Arisa Seki1, Masayuki Ikeda2, Tomohisa Irino3, Ken Ikehara4, Akinori Karasuda1, Saiko Sugisaki5, Takuya Sagawa6, Takuya Itaki7, Yoshimi Kubota8, Masafumi Murayama9, Song Lu10, Richard W Murray11, Carlos A Alvarez Zarikian12 and IODP Exp. 346 Scientists, (1)University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan, (2)Shizuoka University, Shizuoka, Japan, (3)Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Japan, (4)AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan, (5)Marine Geology Research Group, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Japan, (6)Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan, (7)Geological Survey of Japan, Ibaraki, Japan, (8)National Museum of Nature and Science, Ibaraki, Japan, (9)Kochi Univ, Nankoku, Japan, (10)Hokkaido University, Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Sapporo, Japan, (11)Boston Univ, Boston, MA, United States, (12)Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States
Boo-Keun Khim1, Keiji Horikawa2, Yoshihiro Asahara3, Ji-Eun Kim1, Minoru Ikehara4 and Jongmin Lee1, (1)Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, Republic of (South), (2)University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan, (3)Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, (4)Kochi Univ, Nankoku, Japan
Ji-Eun Kim1, Boo-Keun Khim1, Minoru Ikehara2 and Jongmin Lee1, (1)Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, Republic of (South), (2)Kochi University, Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Nankoku, Japan
Zhi Dong1,2, Xuefa Shi3,4, Xinqing Zou1, Jian-Jun Zou2,4, Muhong Chen5, Qiang Zhang5, Chendong Ge1 and Yanguang Liu3,4, (1)Nanjing University, Collaborative Innovation Center of South China Sea Studies, Nanjing, China, (2)First Institute of Oceanography, Qingdao, China, (3)the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, China, (4)Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China, (5)South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Guangzhou, China
Heather D Black, Florida International University, Miami, FL, United States and William Thomas Anderson Jr, Florida International Univ, Miami, FL, United States
Takuya Sagawa1, Takumi Saito1 and Tomohisa Irino2, (1)Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan, (2)Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Japan
Masao Iwai, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan and Expedition 355 Science Party, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States
Gerald Auer, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Biogeochemistry, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan, David De Vleeschouwer, MARUM - University of Bremen, Palaeoceanography, Bremen, Germany, Jeroen Groeneveld, MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, Kara Bogus, IODP, College Station, TX, United States, Jorijntje Henderiks, Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, Isla S. Castañeda, UMass Amherst-Geosciences, Amherst, MA, United States and IODP Expedition 356 Scientists, Texas A&M University College Station, College Station, TX, United States
Pedro N Di Nezio, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, Jessica E Tierney, University of Arizona, Geosciences, Tucson, AZ, United States, Bette L Otto-Bliesner, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory, Boulder, CO, United States, Axel Timmermann, IPRC, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United States, Tripti Bhattacharya, U.C. Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, Esther C Brady, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States and Nan A Rosenbloom, NCAR/CGD, Boulder, CO, United States
Beth Anne Christensen1, Hideko Takayanagi2, Benjamin Petrick3, Takeshige Ishiwa4, Jorijntje Henderiks5, Jeroen Groeneveld6, Briony L Mamo7, David De Vleeschouwer8, Gerald Auer9, Hanaa Deik10, Craig Fulthorpe11, Stephen J Gallagher12, Cecilia McHugh13, Lars Reuning14 and Yusuke Yokoyama4, (1)Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States, (2)Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, (3)Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany, (4)AORI, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-Shi, Chiba, Japan, (5)Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, (6)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (7)University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, (8)MARUM - University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (9)University of Graz, Department of Geobiology and Palaeoecology, Graz, Austria, (10)RWTH Aachen University, Geological Institute, Aachen, Germany, (11)University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, (12)The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, (13)CUNY Queens College, Flushing, NY, United States, (14)RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
Kelly Gibson1,2, Txai Mitt Schwamborn2,3, Robert Thunell4, Emily C Tuten2,5, Courtney Swink2,6 and Eric Tappa4, (1)USC Aiken, Biology/Geology, Aiken, SC, United States, (2)University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States, (3)Federal University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil, (4)University of South Carolina, SEOE, Columbia, SC, United States, (5)Furman University, Greenville, SC, United States, (6)Duke University, Nicholas School of the Environment, Durham, NC, United States
Ana Christina Ravelo, University of California-Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, Colin Carney, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, Yair Rosenthal, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, Ann Holbourn, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, Denise K Kulhanek, T, International Ocean Discovery Program, College Station, TX, United States and IODP Expedition 363 Science Party
Shuai Zhang1, Tiegang Li2, Yiquan Qi1 and Fengming Chang3, (1)Hohai University, Institute of Marine Geology, College of Oceanography, Nanjing, China, (2)First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, Qingdao, China, (3)Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Qingdao, China
Chang Liu, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Peter Dominic Clift, Chinese Academy of Sciences, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Guangzhou, China, Yunfa Miao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China and Sophie Warny, LSU, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
Kaustubh Thirumalai, Brown University, Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Providence, RI, United States, Pedro DiNezro, University of Texas at Austin, Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States, Jessica E Tierney, University of Arizona, Geosciences, Tucson, AZ, United States, Martin Puy, University of Texas Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States and Mahyar Mohtadi, MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Patrick Gunhee Cho1, Efrain Vidal1, Jun Ho Paek1, Ariel Borsook1, Woorin Lee1, Mong Sin Wu1, Camilo Ponton2, Valier Galy3 and Sarah J Feakins1, (1)University of Southern California, Department of Earth Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (2)California Institute of Technology, Department of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States, (3)WHOI, Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Jenna Chapman, College Station, TX, United States, Denise K Kulhanek, Texas A&M University, International Ocean Discovery Program, College Station, TX, United States, Yair Rosenthal, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, Ann E Holbourn, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany and IODP Expedition 363 Scientists
Luc Beaufort1, Clara T Bolton1, Jean-Charles Mazur2 and Yves Gally2, (1)CEREGE-CNRS-Aix Marseille Univ., Aix-en-Provence, France, (2)CEREGE : CNRS, Aix-Marseille Univ., IRD, CdF, Aix-en-Provence, France
Liviu Giosan, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States
David Armando Valerio, Texas A&M University College Station, College Station, TX, United States, Denise K Kulhanek, Texas A&M University, International Ocean Discovery Program, College Station, TX, United States, Yair Rosenthal, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, Ann E Holbourn, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany and IODP Expedition 363 Scientists
Benjamin Petrick1, Gerald Auer2, David De Vleeschouwer3, Beth Anne Christensen4, Catherine Stolfi4, Lars Reuning5, Alfredo Martinez-Garcia6, Gerald Hermann Haug6 and Kara Bogus7, (1)Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany, (2)University of Graz, Department of Geobiology and Palaeoecology, Graz, Austria, (3)MARUM - University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (4)Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States, (5)RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, (6)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, (7)IODP, College Station, TX, United States
Grace Windler1, Jessica E Tierney1, Paul D Zander1 and Robert Thunell2, (1)University of Arizona, Geosciences, Tucson, AZ, United States, (2)Univ South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States
Chloe H Anderson1, Ann G Dunlea2,3, Richard W Murray1, Ryuji Tada4, Carlos A Alvarez Zarikian5 and IODP Expedition 346 Scientists, (1)Boston University, Earth and Environment, Boston, MA, United States, (2)Boston University, Boston, MA, United States, (3)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (4)Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, (5)Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Staff Scientist, College Station, TX, United States
Briony L Mamo, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Cecilia McHugh, CUNY Queens College, Flushing, NY, United States, Willem Renema, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands, Stephen J Gallagher, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Craig Fulthorpe, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States and Kara Bogus, IODP, College Station, TX, United States
David De Vleeschouwer, MARUM - University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, Gerald Auer, University of Graz, Department of Geobiology and Palaeoecology, Graz, Austria, Kara Bogus, IODP, College Station, TX, United States, Jeroen Groeneveld, MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, Jorijntje Henderiks, Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, Resti Samyati Jatiningrum, Akita University, Department of Geosciences, Geotechnology, and Material Resource Engineering, Akita, Japan and Beth Anne Christensen, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States
Gabriel Tagliaro, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, Craig Fulthorpe, University of Texas, Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States, Stephen J Gallagher, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Cecilia McHugh, CUNY Queens College, Flushing, NY, United States, Michelle A Kominz, Western Michigan Univ, Kalamazoo, MI, United States and Luc Lavier, University of Texas at Austin, Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States
Jennifer Castaneda1, Cecilia M McHugh2, Michelle A Kominz3, Stephen J Gallagher4, Michael Gurnis5, Takeshige Ishiwa6, Briony L Mamo7, Jorijntje Henderiks8, Beth Anne Christensen9, Jeroen Groeneveld10, Yusuke Yokoyama6, Sharif Mustaque11 and Farah Iqbal12, (1)Queens College, City Univeristy of New York, Flushing, NY, United States, (2)Queens College, City University of New York, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Flushing, NY, United States, (3)Western Michigan Univ, Kalamazoo, MI, United States, (4)The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, (5)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (6)AORI, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-Shi, Chiba, Japan, (7)University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, (8)Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, (9)Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States, (10)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (11)Queens College, City University of New York, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Flushing/NY, NY, United States, (12)Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY, United States
Steven C Clemens, Brown University, Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Providence, RI, United States, Ann Holbourn, Christian-Albrechts-University, Institute of Geosciences, Kie;, Germany, Yoshimi Kubota, National Museum of Nature and Science, Geology and Paleontology, Tsukuba, Japan, Kyung Eun Lee, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Ocean Science, Busan, South Korea, Zhengyu Liu, University of Wisconsin, Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences, Madison, United States and Guangshan Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Earth Environment, Xi'an, China
Kaoru Kubota, JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan, Yusuke Yokoyama, AORI, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-Shi, Chiba, Japan, Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, JAMSTEC, Nankoku, Kochi, Japan, Takuya Sagawa, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan, Minoru Ikehara, Kochi Univ, Nankoku, Japan and Toshitsugu Yamazaki, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Wan-Yin Lien1, Hong-Chun Li1 and Horng-Sheng Mii2, (1)Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, (2)Department of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
Mahyar Mohtadi1, Enqing Huang2, Martina Hollstein3, Yunru Chen2, Enno Schefuß1, Yair Rosenthal4, Matthias Prange5, Delia Oppo6, Jingjing Liu2, Stephan Steinke7, Gema Martinez-Mendez3, Jun Tian2, Paola Moffa-Sanchez8 and Andreas Lückge9, (1)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany, (2)State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, 200092 Shanghai, China, (3)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (4)Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (5)MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Geosystem modelling, Bremen, Germany, (6)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (7)Department of Geological Oceanography, College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, 361102 Xiamen, China, (8)School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, CF10 3AT Cartdiff, United Kingdom, (9)Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, 30655 Hannover, Germany