A042:
Extratropical and High-latitude Storms, Teleconnections, Extreme Weather, and the Changing Polar Climate





Session ID#: 22423

Session Description:
Synoptic storms and large-scale teleconnections are prominent features characterizing daily-to-decadal climate variability in the extratropics and high-latitudes. Storms often bring extreme weather, including high-wind events, large ocean waves and surges, coastal flooding and erosion, as well as rapid temperature changes. Teleconnection patterns play modulating roles in storm activity, linking polar and midlatitude climate. In addition, the tropics has been recognized as an important source for triggering teleconnections, and may also be subject to impacts of polar climate changes. Storms and teleconnections have demonstrated systematic variations, leading to alterations of feedback processes and, in turn, contributing to climate variability and change. This session will provide a venue to present progress and new ideas on extratropical and high-latitude storm activity, tropical or extratropical teleconnections with the polar regions, and associated physical feedback processes in the context of the changing polar climate, as well as resulting extreme weather events, ecosystem- and societal impacts.
Primary Convener:  Xiangdong Zhang, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States
Conveners:  Kent Moore, University of Toronto, Physics, Toronto, ON, Canada and James E Overland, NOAA Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States
Co-Organized with:
Atmospheric Sciences, Cryosphere, Global Environmental Change, Hydrology, and Ocean Sciences

Cross-Listed:
  • C - Cryosphere
  • GC - Global Environmental Change
  • H - Hydrology
  • OS - Ocean Sciences
Index Terms:

1621 Cryospheric change [GLOBAL CHANGE]
3305 Climate change and variability [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3339 Ocean/atmosphere interactions [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3364 Synoptic-scale meteorology [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Marlene Kretschmer1, Judah Levi Cohen2, Jakob Runge3 and Dim Coumou1,4, (1)Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, (2)Atmos and Environ Res Inc., Lexington, MA, United States, (3)Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, (4)Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Gregor C Leckebusch1, Michael Alexander Walz1, Tim Kruschke2, Henning Rust3 and Uwe Ulbrich4, (1)University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom, (2)GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany, (3)Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany, (4)Free University of Berlin, Institute of Meteorology, Berlin, Germany
Doerthe Handorf1, Ralf Jaiser2, Klaus Dethloff2, Erik Romanowsky1, Tetsu Nakamura3, Jinro Ukita4 and Koji Yamazaki5, (1)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany, (2)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany, (3)Hokkaido University, Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Sapporo, Japan, (4)Niigata University, Niigata, Japan, (5)Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Japan
Xuejuan Ren and Xiu-qun Yang, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
Michael E Mann1, Stefan Rahmstorf2, Kai Kornhuber3, Byron A Steinman4, Sonya K Miller4 and Dim Coumou3, (1)Pennsylvania State University Main Campus, University Park, PA, United States, (2)Postdam Inst, Potsdam, Germany, (3)Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, (4)Penn State University, University Park, PA, United States
Judah Levi Cohen, Atmospheric and Environmental Research Lexington, Lexington, MA, United States, Jennifer Ann Francis, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, United States and Karl Pfeiffer, AER Inc., Crozet, VA, United States
Fuyao Wang, University of Wisconsin Madison, Nelson Institute Center for Climatic Research, Madison, WI, United States and Stephen J Vavrus, Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Christian Seiler and Francis W Zwiers, University of Victoria, Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium, Victoria, BC, Canada
Soumik Basu, University of Alaska Fairbanks, IARC, Fairbanks, AK, United States, Xiangdong Zhang, Univ Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, United States and Zhaomin Wang, NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
Keon-Hee Cho and Eun-Chul Chang, Kongju National University, Department of Atmospheric Science, Gongju, Korea, Republic of (South)
Liisi Jakobson1,2 and Erko Jakobson1, (1)Tartu Observatory, Tartu, Estonia, (2)University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Stefan Liess, Saurabh Agrawal, Snigdhansu Chatterjee and Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, United States
Natalia Bliankinshtein, Yi Huang, John R Gyakum and Eyad Atallah, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Gudrun Magnusdottir, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States, Yannick Peings, UC Irvine, Irvine, United States and Julien Cattiaux, CNRS, Toulouse, France
Ruonan Zhang1, Renhe Zhang2 and Zhiyan Zuo2, (1)Fudan University, Shanghai, China, (2)CAMS Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China
Annette Rinke1, Marion Maturilli1, Robert M. Graham2, Heidrun Matthes1, Doerthe Handorf3, Lana Cohen2, Stephen R. Hudson2 and John C. Moore4, (1)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany, (2)Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway, (3)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany, (4)Beijing Normal University, College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing, China
Simon Wild1, Daniel Johannes Befort1, Michael Alexander Walz1, Jeff R Knight2, Julia F Lockwood2, Hazel E Thornton2, Leon Hermanson2, Philip Bett2, Antje Weisheimer3,4 and Gregor C Leckebusch1, (1)University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom, (2)Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom, (3)European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom, (4)University of Oxford, Department of Physics, National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS),, Oxford, United Kingdom
Kevin Biernat, Daniel Keyser and Lance F Bosart, SUNY Albany, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Albany, NY, United States
Robert X Black, Georgia Institute of Technology Main Campus, Atlanta, GA, United States
Christine McKenna1,2, Tom Bracegirdle2, Emily Shuckburgh2, Peter Haynes1 and Manoj Mukund Joshi3,4, (1)University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Cambridge, United Kingdom, (2)NERC British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom, (3)University of East Anglia, Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Norwich, United Kingdom, (4)University of East Anglia, Climatic Research Unit, Norwich, United Kingdom
Li Tao, Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology, Nanjing, China, Tim Li, Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, United States, Yuanhui Ke, Hainan Meteorological Observatory, Haikou, China and Jiuwei Zhao, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China
Marie C McGraw and Elizabeth A Barnes, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Sanja Knezevic Antonijevic and Jonathan M Lees, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States
Christopher David McCray, John R Gyakum and Eyad Atallah, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Nicholas Tyrrell, Alexey Karpechko and Petri Räisänen, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Stacy E Porter1, Ellen Mosley-Thompson1, Lonnie G Thompson1 and John F Bolzan2, (1)Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States, (2)Retired, Columbus, OH, United States
Yang Yang, International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK, United States, Xiangdong Zhang, Univ Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, United States, Annette Rinke, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany and Jing Zhang, NC A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, United States
Zhenhua Li1, Yanping Li1, Barrie R Bonsal2 and Alan H Manson1, (1)University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, (2)Environment Canada Saskatoon, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
Jianfen Wei, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China, Xiangdong Zhang, Univ Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, United States and Zhaomin Wang, Hohai University, Nanjng, China
Yu-Chiao Liang, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States and Jin-Yi Yu, Univ California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States
Sen Gu, Yang Zhang and Qigang Wu, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
Rodrigo Caballero, Gabriele Messori and Cian Woods, Stockholm University, Department of Meteorology, Stockholm, Sweden
Ryan Adams and Scott C Sheridan, Kent State University Kent Campus, Kent, OH, United States
Toru Nozawa and Subaru Fujiwara, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
James Warner and James Screen, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4, United Kingdom
Momme Claus Hell, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, Tapio Schneider, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States and Camille Li, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Luciana Bassi Marinho Pires, World Environmental Conservancy, Atlanta, GA, United States, Marcelo Romao, INPE National Institute for Space Research, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil and Ana Carolina Vasques Freitas, Federal University of Itajuba, Itabira, Brazil
Eren Düzenli and Yilmaz M. Tugrul, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
Kelly E McCusker1, Paul J Kushner2, John C Fyfe3, Michael Sigmond3, Viatchelsav V. Kharin4 and Cecilia M Bitz1, (1)University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, (2)University of Toronto, Physics, Toronto, ON, Canada, (3)Environment Canada, Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis, Victoria, BC, Canada, (4)Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Victoria, BC, Canada, Victoria, Canada
Dawei Li, Princeton University, Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Princeton, NJ, United States
Wei Tao, North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, NC, United States; Anhui Meteorological Bureau, Anhui Meteorological Observatory, Hefei, China, Jing Zhang, NC A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, United States and Xiangdong Zhang, Univ Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, United States