H082:
Machine Learning Applications in Earth Science and Remote Sensing





Session ID#: 22660

Session Description:
Remote sensing technology has facilitated data acquisition over large and small spatio-temporal scales resulting in valuable large datasets. Present advances in technology with availability of large computing and scalable storage allow us to explore these datasets in a unique way to use data-driven techniques to learn patterns, understand physical processes, and characterize feedbacks in the Earth system. Among the many fields within data exploration, Machine Learning (ML) has had a major impact on not only scientific thinking but also in commercial applications. ML's advantages include, application flexibility and scaling, fast running time, and ability to represent complex relationships from historical data in conjunction with physics-guided processes. This session is a platform to discuss advancements in the applications of ML in Earth science and remote sensing as well as challenges and future opportunities for ML applications. Presentations will address the merger of discrete mathematics, statistics, physics, and non-linear optimization techniques.
Primary Convener:  Seyed Hamed Alemohammad, Columbia University of New York, Earth and Environmental Engineering, Palisades, NY, United States
Conveners:  Pierre Gentine, Columbia University of New York, Palisades, NY, United States, Joel Agustin Gongora, Boise State University, Boise, ID, United States and Sangram Ganguly, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States
Co-Organized with:
Hydrology, Atmospheric Sciences, Biogeosciences, Cryosphere, and Global Environmental Change

Cross-Listed:
  • A - Atmospheric Sciences
  • B - Biogeosciences
  • C - Cryosphere
  • GC - Global Environmental Change
Index Terms:

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Hua Su, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, China and Xiao-Hai Yan, Univ Delaware, Newark, DE, United States
Jawairia Ashfaq Ahmad, University of Maryland, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, College Park, MD, United States and Barton A Forman, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States
Auroop R Ganguly, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States
David B Lobell, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States
Diego G. Miralles1, Christina Papagiannopoulou2, Matthias Demuzere3, Stijn Decubber2, Willem Waegeman2, Niko Verhoest3 and Wouter Dorigo4, (1)Ghent University, Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Management, Gent, Belgium, (2)Ghent University, Department of Mathematical Modelling, Statistics and Bioinformatics, Ghent, Belgium, (3)Ghent University, Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Management, Ghent, Belgium, (4)Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Elias Ayrey1, Daniel J Hayes2, Shawn Fraver3, Aaron Weiskittel1, Bruce Cook4 and John Kershaw5, (1)University of Maine, Orono, ME, United States, (2)Battelle Oak Ridge, Oak Ridge, TN, United States, (3)University of Maine, School of Forest Resources, Orono, ME, United States, (4)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (5)University of New Brunswick, Frederickton, NB, Canada
Adrian Toni Albert, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States, Emanuele Strano, German Aerospace Center DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Remote Sensing, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany and Marta Gonzalez, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cambridge, MA, United States
Hasi Bagan1, Zhaoling Li2, Temulun Tangud2 and Yoshiki Yamagata3, (1)Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China, (2)University of Tsukuba, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan, (3)Global Carbon Project, NIES National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
Diego Cerrai, University of Connecticut, Environmental Engineering, Storrs, CT, United States, Emmanouil N Anagnostou, University of Connecticut, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Storrs, CT, United States, Jaemo Yang, University of Connecticut, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Groton, CT, United States and Marina Astitha, University of Connecticut, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Storrs, CT, United States
Munsung Keem, Bong Chul Seo and Witold F Krajewski, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, United States
Zachary Fasnacht1, Wenhan Qin2, David P Haffner3, Diego G Loyola4, Joanna Joiner3, Nickolay Anatoly Krotkov5, Alexander P Vasilkov6 and Robert J D Spurr7, (1)Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, MD, United States, (2)SSAI, Lanham, MD, United States, (3)NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (4)German Aerospace Center, Wessling, Germany, (5)Code 614, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (6)SSAI, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (7)RT Solutions Inc., Washington, DC, United States
Logan Wright1, Odele Coddington2 and Peter Pilewskie2, (1)University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Boulder, CO, United States
Justin Gapper, Chapman University, Orange, CA, United States, Hesham Mohamed El-Askary, Chapman University, Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations, Orange, CA, United States and Erik Linstead, Chapman University, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Orange, CA, United States
Md Abul Ehsan Bhuiyan, Efthymios Ioannis Nikolopoulos and Emmanouil N Anagnostou, University of Connecticut, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Storrs, CT, United States
Srija Chakraborty1, Ayan Banerjee1, Sandeep K S Gupta1 and Philip R Christensen2, (1)Arizona State University, School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision System Engineering, Tempe, AZ, United States, (2)Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States
Cunguang Wang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China and Yang Hong, Tsinghua University, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Beijing, China
Margarita Alejandra Rebolledo Coy1, Oscar Manuel Baez Villanueva2, Thomas Bartz-Beielstein3 and Lars Ribbe2, (1)Technische Hochschule Köln (TH Köln), SPOTSeven Lab, Cologne, Germany, (2)Technische Hochschule Köln (TH Köln), Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), Cologne, Germany, (3)TH Köln, Cologne, Germany
Patricia Castellanos, Universities Space Research Association Greenbelt, Greenbelt, MD, United States and Arlindo M da Silva Jr., NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Maosi Chen1, Zhibin Sun1, John Davis1, Melina Zempila1, Chaoshun Liu2 and Wei Gao3, (1)Colorado State University, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Fort Collins, CO, United States, (2)Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, East China University, Shanghai, China, (3)Colorado State University, Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Jarrett van den Bergh1, Joey Schutz1, Ved Chirayath1, Alan Li2 and NASA Ames Laboratory for Advanced Sensing, (1)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (2)NASA Ames Research Center, Earth Science Division, Moffett Field, CA, United States
Sangram Ganguly1, Subodh Kalia2, Shuang Li1, Andrew Michaelis3, Ramakrishna R Nemani1 and Sassan Saatchi4, (1)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (2)BAER Institute, Petaluma, CA, United States, (3)California State University Monterey Bay, Seaside, CA, United States, (4)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Hoang Tran1, Phu Nguyen1, Kuo-lin Hsu2 and Soroosh Sorooshian2, (1)University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States, (2)UC Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States
Zewei Xu1,2, Kaiyu Guan3,4, Bin Peng3, Nathan patrick Casler5 and Shao-Wen Wang2,6, (1)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, (2)University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, CyberGIS Center for Advanced Digital and Spatial Studies, Urbana, IL, United States, (3)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Urbana, IL, United States, (4)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Urbana, IL, United States, (5)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, CyberGIS Center for Advanced Digital and Spatial Studies, Urbana, IL, United States, (6)University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science, Urbana, IL, United States
Matthew Mage1, Sangram Ganguly2, Thomas Vandal1, Ramakrishna R Nemani3, Shuang Li3, Subodh Kalia4 and Auroop R Ganguly5, (1)Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States, (2)Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Moffett Field, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (3)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (4)BAER Institute, Petaluma, CA, United States, (5)Northeastern University, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Boston, MA, United States
Scott E Giangrande1, Dié WANG1, Joseph Clinton Hardin2 and Jeffery Mitchell1, (1)Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, United States, (2)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States
Haiming Tan1, V Chandrasekar2 and Haonan Chen1, (1)Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, United States, (2)Colorado State University, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Chaopeng Shen and Kuai Fang, Pennsylvania State University Main Campus, University Park, PA, United States
Subodh Kalia1, Shuang Li1, Sangram Ganguly2 and Ramakrishna R Nemani1, (1)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (2)Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Moffett Field, Moffett Field, CA, United States
Stephen Van Gordon1, Mollie Van Gordon1, Annika Min1, Jack Sullivan1, Zac Weiner1 and G Gray Tappan2, (1)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (2)USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, SD, United States
Reza Khatami, University of Florida, Department of Geography, Gainesville, FL, United States, Giorgos Mountrakis, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Department of Environmental Resources Engineering, Syracuse, NY, United States and Stephen V. Stehman, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, United States
Gustau Camps-Valls1, Luis Gomez-Chova2, Gonzalo Mateo2, Valero Laparra2, Adrian Perez-Suay2 and Jordi Munoz-Mari2, (1)University of Valencia, Image Processing Laboratory (IPL), Burjassot, Spain, (2)University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Macarena Ortiz, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States, Hans Christian Graber, Univ Miami RSMAS, Miami, FL, United States, Jeremy Wilkinson, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Lisa Nyman, University of Miami RSMAS, Ocean Sciences, Miami, FL, United States and Bjoern Lund, Univ of Miami, Miami, FL, United States
Adithyan Sujithkumar, Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States, Anthony W King, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences Division and Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge, TN, United States, Mahesh Kovilakam, Oak Ridge Nat'l Lab, Oak Ridge, TN, United States and Daniel Graves, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States
Weiming Hu1, Guido Cervone1, Shantenu Jha2, Vivek Balasubramanian3 and Matteo Turilli4, (1)Pennsylvania State University Main Campus, University Park, PA, United States, (2)Rutgers University Newark, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Newark, NJ, United States, (3)Rutgers University, New Brunswic, United States, (4)Rutgers University, New Brunswick, United States
Uttam Kumar, USRA / NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, Ramakrishna R Nemani, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, Sangram Ganguly, Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Moffett Field, Moffett Field, CA, United States, Subodh Kalia, BAER Institute, Petaluma, CA, United States and Andrew Michaelis, California State University Monterey Bay, Seaside, CA, United States

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