A067:
Mineral Dust Effects on Weather and Climate





Session ID#: 23978

Session Description:
How and to what extent mineral dust aerosols can affect regional weather systems, global circulation patterns, and climate variability remains an open question. Answering the above question requires comprehensive understanding of the direct, indirect and semi-direct radiative effects of dust in order to accurately model the energy budget of the atmosphere and surface. The dust-induced changes to the energy budget are manifest in cloud processes and the thermal structure of the atmosphere, and consequently the circulation. The dust-modified circulation, in turn, alters the dust transport by the mean and eddy portions of the flow. Examples of dust-modified circulations include, but are not limited to, the African easterly jet–African easterly wave system, the African monsoon, tropical cyclones, mesoscale convective complexes and springtime cyclones over Southern Europe, Mongolia and China.
Primary Convener:  Terrence R Nathan, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Convener:  Shu-Hua Chen, University of California Davis, Land, Air and Water Resources, Davis, CA, United States
Index Terms:

3309 Climatology [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3311 Clouds and aerosols [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3355 Regional modeling [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3374 Tropical meteorology [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Xiaoning Xie, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China
Muhammed samir Eltahan1, Mohammed Shokr2 and Atef O.Sherif1, (1)Cairo University, Aerospace Engineering Department, Cairo, Egypt, (2)Environmental and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Canada
Gholamali Hoshyaripour1, Bernhard Vogel1 and Heike Vogel2, (1)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe, Germany, (2)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe, Germany
Wenzhao Li, Chapman University, Computational and Data Sciences Graduate Program, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Orange, CA, United States, Hesham Mohamed El-Askary, Chapman University, Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations, Orange, CA, United States; Alexandria University, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Alexandria, Egypt, K.P ManiKandan, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Center for Environment and Water, The Research Institute, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Mohamed Qurban, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Geosciences Department, the college of Petroleum Engineering & Geosciences, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Michael J Garay, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States and Olga V. Kalashnikova, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States
Peter Richard Colarco1, Adriana Rocha Lima1,2, Anton Darmenov3 and Christine Bloecker3, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology, UMBC, Baltimore, MD, United States, (3)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Emily Bercos-Hickey, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States, Terrence R Nathan, Univ California Davis, Davis, CA, United States and Shu-Hua Chen, Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States
Christopher Edward Phillips, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, United States, Udaysankar Nair, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Department of Atmospheric Science, Huntsville, AL, United States and Peng Xian, Naval Research Lab, Monterey, CA, United States
Terrence R Nathan, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States and Dustin Grogan, University at Albany State University of New York, Department of Atmospheric and Environemental Sciences, Albany, NY, United States
Disha Sharma, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India and Ron Miller, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY, United States
Klaus Klingmueller1, Johannes Lelieveld1,2, Vlassis Karydis1 and Georgiy L Stenchikov3, (1)Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany, (2)The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus, (3)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Ayse Gokcen Isik, Hacettepe University, Environmental Engineering, Ankara, Turkey; Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey
Dustin Grogan, University at Albany State University of New York, Department of Atmospheric and Environemental Sciences, Albany, NY, United States and Chris D Thorncroft, University at Albany, Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Albany, NY, United States
Farnaz Hosseinpour1, Eric M Wilcox1 and Peter Richard Colarco2, (1)Desert Research Institute Reno, Reno, NV, United States, (2)NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States