B055:
Past, present and future of dryland ecosystems: local trends to global impacts





Session ID#: 24251

Session Description:
Dryland ecosystems cover 35% of the world’s surface, host major centers of global plant diversity, support over third of the global human population mainly in the developing countries, and play an important role in land CO2 sink. Yet, drylands are in zones of transition that will be affected by future global change, including drought and land degradation, with unclear consequences on global carbon and hydrological budgets, ecosystem services and sustainable livelihoods. In this session we seek to i) highlight advances in our collective understanding of carbon, water and vegetation-related processes in dryland ecosystems under changing climate and management across temporal and spatial scales, and ii) provide perspectives on needs and directions for future research. Contributions from both modeling and experimental studies across a wide range of fields are welcome.
Primary Convener:  Istem Fer, Boston University, Earth and Environment, Boston, MA, United States
Convener:  Natasha MacBean, University of Arizona, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, Tucson, AZ, United States

Cross-Listed:
  • A - Atmospheric Sciences
  • GC - Global Environmental Change
  • H - Hydrology

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Wenping Kang, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea, Republic of (South)
Ping Li, Institute of Botany, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Beijing, China, Yong gang Chi, State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China, BeiJing, China, Jing Wang, State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China, Bei Jing, China and Lingli Liu, IB Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Anzhi Zhang1, Gensuo Jia1, Howard E Epstein2 and Jiangjiang Xia1, (1)Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, (2)University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States
Swagat Patnaik and Basudev Biswal, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hydearbad, India
Joel A Biederman, Southwest Watershed Research Center, Tucson, AZ, United States, Russell L Scott, Agricultural Research Service Tucson, Southwest Watershed Research Center, Tucson, AZ, United States, William Kolby Smith, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States, Marcy E Litvak, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States and Natasha MacBean, University of Arizona, School of Natural Resources and the Environment, Tucson, AZ, United States
Tong Jiao, Clark University, Geography, Worcester, MA, United States and Christopher A Williams, Clark University, Worcester, MA, United States
Qing Zhang, Wenjie Song and Jiangning Yang, RADI Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Arden Llewellyn Burrell, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Jason Peter Evans, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia and Yi Liu, ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Systems Science & Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Thomas Christopher Turpin-Jelfs1, Katerina Michaelides1, Joel A Biederman2, Richard P Evershed3 and Alexandre M Anesio1, (1)University of Bristol, School of Geographical Sciences, Bristol, United Kingdom, (2)Agricultural Research Service Tucson, Southwest Watershed Research Center, Tucson, AZ, United States, (3)University of Bristol, School of Chemistry, Bristol, United Kingdom
Rebecca R Hernandez, University of California, Davis, Land, Air and Water Resources, Davis, CA, United States and Darren R Sandquist, California State University Fullerton, Fullerton, CA, United States
Sasha Reed1, Scott Ferrenberg2, Colin Tucker2, William Austin Rutherford3, Timothy Michael Wertin4, Theresa Ann McHugh5, Ember Morrissey6, Cheryl Kuske7 and Jayne Belnap2, (1)USGS, Moab, UT, United States, (2)Southwest Biological Science Center Moab, Moab, UT, United States, (3)Canyonlands Research Station, USGS, Southwest Biological Science Center, Moab, UT, United States, (4)Institute for Genomic Biology, Urbana, IL, United States, (5)Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (6)West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States, (7)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States
John B Bradford1,2, Daniel Schlaepfer3, Kyle A Palmquist4 and William Lauenroth3, (1)Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (2)USGS Southwest Biological Science Center, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (3)Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States, (4)University of Wyoming, Department of Botany, Laramie, WY, United States
Ian T Baker, Colorado State University, Atmospheric Sciences, Fort Collins, CO, United States, Lara Prihodko, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, United States; New Mexico State University Main Campus, Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Las Cruces, NM, United States, Enrique R Vivoni, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States and A Scott Denning, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Martin Brandt1, jean-Pierre Wigneron2, Jérome Chave3, Torbern Tagesson4, Josep Penuelas5, Philippe Ciais6, Kjeld Rasmussen4, Feng Tian7, Cheikh Mbow8, Amen Al-Yaari9, Nemesio Rodriguez-Fernandez10, Wenmin Zhang11, Yann H Kerr12, Compton J Tucker13, Arnaud Mialon14, Aleixandre Verger15 and Rasmus Fensholt4, (1)University of Copenhagen, København K, Denmark, (2)INRA Bordeaux-Aquitaine, ISPA, Villenave d'Ornon Cedex, France, (3)CNRS & Université Paul Sabatier, UMR 5174 Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique, Toulouse, France, (4)University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, (5)Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications, Global Ecology Unit, Cerdanyola, Barcelona, Spain, (6)LSCE Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-Sur-Yvette, France, (7)Lund University, Lund, Sweden, (8)World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya, (9)ISPA, INRA Bordeaux, France, Bordeaux, France, (10)CESBIO, Bordeaux, France, (11)Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, (12)CNES French National Center for Space Studies, Toulouse Cedex 09, France, (13)NASA Goddard Space Flight Cen., Greenbelt, MD, United States, (14)Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la Biosphere, Toulouse Cedex 9, France, (15)CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valle, Spain
Anne Thomas1, Michael Dietze2, Russell L Scott3 and Joel A Biederman3, (1)Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, United States, (2)Boston University, Boston, MA, United States, (3)Agricultural Research Service Tucson, Southwest Watershed Research Center, Tucson, AZ, United States
Carla Gavilan1, Sabine Grunwald1 and Roberto Quiroz2, (1)University of Florida, Soil and Water Sciences, Gainesville, FL, United States, (2)International Potato Center (CIP), Lima, Peru
Praveena Krishnan, Tilden P Meyers and Mark Heuer, NOAA/ARL/ATDD, Oak Ridge, TN, United States
James Robert Logan V1, Peter J. Jacobson2, Kathryn M. Jacobson2 and Sarah Evans1, (1)Michigan State University, Kellogg Biological Station, Hickory Corners, MI, United States, (2)Grinnell College, Biology, Grinnell, IA, United States
Gregory E Maurer1, Ronald Amundson2, Laura Nielsen Lammers3, Jennifer Mills1 and Erik Oerter4, (1)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (2)Univ California Berkeley, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, Berkeley, CA, United States, (3)Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Earth and Environmental Science Area, Berkeley, CA, United States, (4)Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, United States
Nancy J Hess, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, Malak Tfaily, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, R David Evans, Washington State University, Pullman, United States and Akihiro Koyama, Univeristy of Idaho, Moscow, ID, United States
Jennifer Y King1, Yang Lin2, Steven D Karlen3 and John Ralph3, (1)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (2)University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (3)University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Alison D Munson, Université Laval, Sciences du bois et de la forêt, Quebec City, QC, Canada, Diatta Marone, Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles, Saint Louis, Senegal and Alain Olivier, Université Laval, Département de phytologie, Quebec, QC, Canada
Aaron Fellows1, Gerald N Flerchinger2, Kathleen A Lohse3 and Mark S Seyfried1, (1)Agricultural Research Service Boise, Boise, ID, United States, (2)USDA - ARS, Northwest Watershed Research Center, Boise, ID, United States, (3)Idaho State University, Idaho Falls, ID, United States
Christopher Beltz, William K. Lauenroth and Ingrid C. Burke, Yale University, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT, United States
Andrea D de Almeida Castanho1,2, Michael Thomas Coe2, Eunice Maia Andrade1, Wayne Walker2, Alessandro Baccini2, Paulo M Brando2 and Mary Farina2, (1)UFC Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil, (2)The Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA, United States

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