P002:
A Persistent Habitable Environment in Gale Crater, Mars: How Five Years of Exploration with the Curiosity Rover Have Changed Our View of Mars and its Potential for Life





Session ID#: 24296

Session Description:
NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission, with its Curiosity rover, is advancing our understanding of the planet’s habitability and the prospects for detecting signs of ancient life through its multi-disciplinary investigations. Geological, chemical, and mineralogical investigations of the rock record indicate that water persisted for millions of years in fluvial, lacustrine, and groundwater systems. Isotopic studies of the atmosphere and water evolved from ancient authigenic clay minerals provide new constraints on atmospheric evolution, including key greenhouse gases. Detections of organic molecules indicate their long-term preservation; measurements of radiation combined with surface exposure ages suggest that modern aeolian erosion is exhuming materials that can be investigated for biosignatures with reduced degradation relative to other surface materials. Records of atmospheric composition (including methane), meteorology, and radiation exceed two Mars years and will aid in planning human exploration. This session will integrate this knowledge with other missions and assess how it informs exploration strategies.
Primary Convener:  Ashwin R Vasavada, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Convener:  Michael A Meyer, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC, United States
Index Terms:

5215 Origin of life [PLANETARY SCIENCES: ASTROBIOLOGY]
5455 Origin and evolution [PLANETARY SCIENCES: SOLID SURFACE PLANETS]
6225 Mars [PLANETARY SCIENCES: SOLAR SYSTEM OBJECTS]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Catherine M Weitz, Planetary Science Institute Tucson, Tucson, AZ, United States, Robert J Sullivan Jr, Cornell University, CCAPS, Ithaca, NY, United States, Mathieu Gaetan Andre Lapotre, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, Scott Kaniela Rowland, Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, United States, Kenneth S Edgett, Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA, United States, John A Grant III, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, Washington, DC, United States, R Aileen Yingst, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States and Curiosity Rover Science Team
Christopher R Webster1, Paul R Mahaffy2, Sushil K Atreya3, Gregory Flesch1, Charles Malespin2, Christopher McKay4, German Martinez3, John Moores5, Christina L Smith5, F Javier Martin-Torres6,7, Javier Gomez-Elvira8, Maria-Paz Zorzano6,8, Michael H Wong3, Melissa G Trainer2, Jennifer L Eigenbrode2, Daniel Patrick Glavin2, Andrew Steele9, Doug Archer Jr.10, Brad Sutter10, Patrice J Coll11, Caroline Freissinet12, Pierre-Yves Meslin13, Alexander Pavlov2, Didier Keymeulen1, Lance E Christensen1, Raina V Gough14, Susanne P Schwenzer15, Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez16, Jorge Pla-García8, Scot CR Rafkin17, Álvaro Vicente-Retortillo18, Henrik Kahanpää19, Daniel Viudez-Moreiras20, Michael D Smith2, Ari-Matti Harri19, Maria Genzer19, Don Hassler21, Mark T Lemmon22, Joy A Crisp1, Richard W Zurek1 and Ashwin R Vasavada1, (1)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (4)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (5)York University, Toronto, ON, Canada, (6)Lulea University of Technology, Lulea, Sweden, (7)Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, Granada, Spain, (8)Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejon de Ardoz, Spain, (9)Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory, Washington, DC, United States, (10)Jacobs Technology, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (11)LISA, Creteil Cedex, France, (12)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (13)Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France, (14)University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, United States, (15)Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7, United Kingdom, (16)Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico, (17)Southwest Research Institute Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (18)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States, (19)Finnish Meteorological Inst, Helsinki, Finland, (20)Centro de Astrobiologia, Instituto National de Tecnica Aerospacial, Madrid, Spain, (21)Southwest Research Inst, Boulder, CO, United States, (22)Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, United States
Rachel Sheppard, Ralph Milliken and James M Russell, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States
Paul R Mahaffy1, Heather B. Franz1, Sushil K Atreya2, Christopher R Webster3 and Mars Science Laboratory Team, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (3)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Amy McAdam1, Paul R Mahaffy1, Slavka C Andrejkovicova1,2, Paul Douglas Archer Jr3, Sushil K Atreya4, Arnaud Buch5, Patrice J Coll6, Pamela Gales Conrad7, Jennifer L Eigenbrode1, Kenneth A Farley8, Gregory Flesch9, Heather B. Franz1, Caroline Freissinet10, Daniel Patrick Glavin1, Joanna Victoria Hogancamp3, Christopher H House11, Christine A Knudson1,2, James M. Lewis1, Charles Malespin1, Peter M. Martin8, Maëva Millan1,12, Douglas W Ming13, Richard V Morris13, Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez14, Andrew Steele15, Jennifer C Stern16, Roger E Summons17, Brad Sutter3, Cyril Szopa18, Samuel Teinturier1, Melissa G Trainer1, Christopher R Webster9, Greg M Wong19 and The SAM Team, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)CRESST, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (3)Jacobs Technology, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (4)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (5)LGPM Laboratoire Génie des Procédés et les Matériaux, Châtenay-Malabry, France, (6)LISA, Creteil Cedex, France, (7)Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory, Washington DC, United States, (8)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (9)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (10)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (11)Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, United States, (12)Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States, (13)NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (14)Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico, (15)Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory, Washington, DC, United States, (16)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Planetary Environments Laboratory, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (17)MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, United States, (18)Université Versailles St-Quentin, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris, France, (19)Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States
Kristen A Bennett1, Briony H. N. Horgan2 and Christopher S Edwards1, (1)Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (2)Purdue University, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, West Lafayette, IN, United States
Alexander Pavlov1, Jeffrey Davis2, Erin Redwing3, Melissa G Trainer1 and Chris Johnson4, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)University of Maryland College Park, Department of Physics, College Park, MD, United States, (3)The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States, (4)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, United States
Jeffrey Roy Johnson, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States, James F Bell III, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, Alexander Hayes, Cornell University, Department of Astronomy, Ithaca, NY, United States, Weigang Liang, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States, Mark T Lemmon, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, United States, William M Grundy, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, United States and Robert G Deen, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Steven Banham1, Sanjeev Gupta2, David M Rubin3, Jessica A Watkins4, Kenneth S Edgett5, Dawn Y Sumner6, John P Grotzinger4, Kevin W Lewis7, Lauren A Edgar8, Mackenzie Day9, Kathryn Stack10, Mathieu G.A. Lapôtre11, James F Bell III8, Ryan C. Ewing12, Nathan Stein4, Frances Rivera-Hernandez13 and Ashwin R Vasavada10, (1)Imperial College London, London, SW7, United Kingdom, (2)Imperial College London, Earth Science and Engineering, London, United Kingdom, (3)University of California Santa Cruz, Earth & Planetary Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (4)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (5)Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA, United States, (6)University of California, Davis, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Davis, CA, United States, (7)Johns Hopkins University, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Baltimore, MD, United States, (8)Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, (9)University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geoscience, Austin, TX, United States, (10)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (11)California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States, (12)Texas A&M University College Station, Department of Geology & Geophysics, College Station, TX, United States, (13)University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Kevin Cannon1, Dan Turner Britt1, Trent M Smith2, Ralph F Fritsche2, Stephen D Covey3, Daniel Batcheldor4 and Beverly Watson4, (1)University of Central Florida, Physics, Orlando, FL, United States, (2)NASA, Melbourne, FL, United States, (3)Deep Space Industries, Orlando, FL, United States, (4)Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, United States
Weigang Liang, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States, Jeffrey Roy Johnson, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States, Alexander Hayes, Cornell University, Department of Astronomy, Ithaca, NY, United States, Mark T Lemmon, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, United States, James F Bell III, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, William M Grundy, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, United States and Robert G Deen, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Roger C Wiens1, Pierre-Yves Meslin2, Nina Lanza3, Jens Frydenvang3, Nicolas Mangold4, Jeffrey Roy Johnson5, Abigail A Fraeman6, Briony Horgan7, Candice Bedford8, Diana L Blaney9, John Bridges10, Agnes Cousin2, Bethany L Ehlmann11, Olivier Forni2, Patrick James Gasda3, Olivier Gasnault2, Ralf Gellert12, Steve Johnstone3, Sarah N. Lamm13, Jeremie Lasue2, Stephane Le Mouelic14, Sylvestre Maurice2, Horton E Newsom15, Ann Ollila3, Valerie Payre16, William Rapin11, Mark R Salvatore17, Susanne P Schwenzer18, Nancy H Thomas11, Ashwin R Vasavada6 and the MSL Science Team, (1)Space Science and Applications, Los Alamos, NM, United States, (2)Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France, (3)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States, (4)LPGN Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique de Nantes, Nantes Cedex 03, France, (5)Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States, (6)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (7)Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States, (8)Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom, (9)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (10)University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom, (11)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (12)University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, (13)Kansas State University, Department of Geology, Manhattan, KS, United States, (14)CNRS, Paris Cedex 16, France, (15)Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States, (16)University of Lorraine Nancy, Nancy Cedex, France, (17)Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (18)Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7, United Kingdom
Ezat Heydari, Jackson State University, Dept. of Physics, Atmospheric Sciences, & Geoscience, Jackson, MS, United States, Fred Calef, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, Jeff Schroeder, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, Jason van Beek, Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA, United States, Timothy J Parker, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, Scott K. Rowland, University of Hawai'i, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, Honolulu, HI, United States, Alberto G. Fairén, Center of Astrobiology, Unidad Asociada UVa-CSIC-CAB, Valladolid, Spain and Bernard Hallet, Univ Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
James M. T. Lewis1, Jennifer L. Eigenbrode1, Amy McAdam2, Slavka C Andrejkovicova3, Christine A Knudson1, Greg M Wong4, Maëva Millan5, Caroline Freissinet6, Cyril Szopa7, Xiang Li8 and Dina M Bower9, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)NASA Goddard SFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)CRESST, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (4)Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States, (5)Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States, (6)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (7)Université Versailles St-Quentin, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris, France, (8)UMBC Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST), Baltimore, MD, United States, (9)UNIV OF MARYLAND COLLEGE PARK, College Park, United States
Jennifer C Stern1, Brad Sutter2, Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez3, Christopher McKay4, Douglas W Ming5, Paul R Mahaffy6, Doug Archer Jr.2, Heather B. Franz1, Caroline Freissinet7, W. Andrew Jackson8, Pamela Gales Conrad9, Daniel Patrick Glavin1, Melissa G Trainer1, Charles Malespin1, Amy McAdam6, Jennifer L. Eigenbrode1, Samuel Teinturier1 and Curtis Manning10, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)Jacobs Technology, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (3)Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico, (4)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (5)NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (6)NASA Goddard SFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (7)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (8)Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, United States, (9)Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory, Washington DC, United States, (10)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffat Field, United States
Maëva Millan1,2, James M. T. Lewis2, Jennifer L. Eigenbrode2, Caroline Freissinet3, Cyril Szopa4, Arnaud Buch5, Amy McAdam2, Daniel Patrick Glavin2, Rafael Navarro-Gonzalez6, Sarah Stewart Johnson1 and Paul R Mahaffy2, (1)Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States, (2)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (4)Université Versailles St-Quentin, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris, France, (5)LGPM Laboratoire Génie des Procédés et les Matériaux, Châtenay-Malabry, France, (6)Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Álvaro Vicente-Retortillo1, German Martinez1, Nilton O Renno2, Mark T Lemmon3 and Javier Gomez-Elvira4, (1)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (2)Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (3)Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, United States, (4)Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejon de Ardoz, Spain
Ari-Matti Harri1, Maria Genzer1, Timothy H McConnochie2, Hannu I Savijarvi3, Michael D Smith4, German Martinez5, Manuel de la Torre Juarez6, Robert Michael Haberle7, J Polkko1, Javier Gomez-Elvira8, Nilton O Renno9, Osku Kemppinen10, Mark Paton1, Mark I Richardson11, Claire E Newman11, Tero T Siili12 and Terhi Mäkinen1, (1)Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland, (2)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (3)University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, (4)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (5)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (6)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (7)NASA Ames Res Ctr, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (8)Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejon de Ardoz, Spain, (9)Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (10)Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, United States, (11)Aeolis Research, Pasadena, CA, United States, (12)Finnish Meteorol. Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Charles Malespin1, Amy McAdam1, Samuel Teinturier1, Jennifer L. Eigenbrode1, Caroline Freissinet2, Christine A Knudson3, James M. Lewis1, Maëva Millan4, Andrew Steele5, Jennifer C Stern1 and Amy J Williams6, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)LATMOS Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, Paris Cedex 05, France, (3)CRESST, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (4)Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States, (5)Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory, Washington, DC, United States, (6)Towson University, Towson, MD, United States
Ingrid Ukstins, University of Iowa, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Iowa City, IA, United States, Michael Sara, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, United States, Morten Riishuus, Faroese Geological Survey, Torshaven, Faroe Islands, Mariek E Schmidt, Brock University, St Catharines, ON, Canada, R Aileen Yingst, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States and Jeff Berger, Western University, Ontario, Canada
Abigail Fraeman1, Candice Bedford2, John Bridges3, Lauren A Edgar4, Craig Hardgrove4, Briony H. N. Horgan5, Travis S. J. Gabriel4, John P Grotzinger6, Sanjeev Gupta7, Jeffrey Roy Johnson8, Elizabeth B Rampe9, Richard V Morris10, Mark R Salvatore11, Susanne P Schwenzer12, Kathryn Stack13, Patrick Claude Pinet14, David M Rubin15, Catherine M Weitz16, Danika F Wellington4, Roger C Wiens17, Amy J Williams18 and Ashwin R Vasavada13, (1)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom, (3)University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom, (4)Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, (5)Purdue University, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, West Lafayette, IN, United States, (6)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (7)Imperial College London, Earth Science and Engineering, London, United Kingdom, (8)Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States, (9)Aerodyne Technologies at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States, (10)NASA Johnson Space Center, Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Division, Houston, TX, United States, (11)Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (12)Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7, United Kingdom, (13)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (14)Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France, (15)University of California Santa Cruz, Earth & Planetary Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (16)Planetary Science Institute Tucson, Tucson, AZ, United States, (17)CNRS, Paris Cedex 16, France, (18)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Lucy M Thompson1, Albert Yen2, John G Spray1, Jeffrey Roy Johnson3, Abigail A Fraeman4, Jeffrey A Berger5, Ralf Gellert5, Nicholas Boyd6, Elstan Desouza5, Catherine O'Connell-Cooper7 and Scott VanBommel5, (1)University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada, (2)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (3)Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States, (4)JPL/NASA/Caltech, Pasadena, CA, United States, (5)University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, (6)University of Guelph, Physics, Guelph, ON, Canada, (7)University of New Brunswick, Earth Sciences, Fredericton, NB, Canada
Samuel M Clegg1, Ryan B Anderson2, Jens Frydenvang3, Olivier Forni4, Horton E Newsom5, Diana L Blaney6, Sylvestre Maurice4 and Roger C Wiens1, (1)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States, (2)USGS Astrogeology Science Center, Flagstaff, AZ, United States, (3)Univ. of Copenhagen, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, (4)Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France, (5)Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States, (6)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Kevin W Lewis1, Christopher Fedo2, John P Grotzinger3, Sanjeev Gupta4, Nathan Stein3, Frances Rivera-Hernandez5, Jessica A Watkins3, Steven Banham6, Kenneth S Edgett7, Michelle Elaine Minitti8, Juergen Schieber9, Lauren A Edgar10, Kirsten L Siebach3, Kathryn Stack11, Horton E Newsom12, Christopher H House13, Dawn Y Sumner14, Ashwin R Vasavada11 and the MSL Science Team, (1)Johns Hopkins University, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Baltimore, MD, United States, (2)University of Tennessee, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Knoxville, TN, United States, (3)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (4)Imperial College London, Earth Science and Engineering, London, United Kingdom, (5)University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States, (6)Imperial College London, London, SW7, United Kingdom, (7)Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA, United States, (8)Framework, Laurel, United States, (9)Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, United States, (10)Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, (11)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (12)Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States, (13)Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, United States, (14)University of California, Davis, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Davis, CA, United States
Mariah MacQueen Baker1, Mathieu Gaetan Andre Lapotre2, Nathan Thomas Bridges3, Michelle E Minitti4, Claire E Newman5, Bethany L Ehlmann2, Ashwin R Vasavada6, Kenneth S Edgett7 and Kevin W Lewis8, (1)Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States, (2)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (3)Applied Physics Laboratory Johns Hopkins, Laurel, MD, United States, (4)Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States, (5)Aeolis Research, Pasadena, CA, United States, (6)NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (7)Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego, CA, United States, (8)Johns Hopkins University, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Baltimore, MD, United States
Cary J Zeitlin1, Bent Ehresmann2, Don Hassler3, R F Wimmer-Schweingruber4, Jingnan Guo5, Jan Kristoffer Appel5, Eckart Boehm5, Stephan I Boettcher4, Soenke Burmeister6, Henning Lohf5, Cesar Martin-Garcia4, Daniel Matthiae7, Scot CR Rafkin8 and Gunther Reitz7, (1)Leidos Innovations Corporation, SRAG, Houston, TX, United States, (2)Southwest Research Institute, Oakland, CA, United States, (3)Southwest Research Inst, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)IEAP, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, (5)University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, (6)Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institute for Experimental and Applied Physics, Kiel, Germany, (7)DLR, Cologne, Germany, (8)Southwest Research Institute Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States

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