GC021:
Climate Variability and the African Environment, Water Resources, and Food Security





Session ID#: 25398

Session Description:
Over the past several decades, various parts of Africa have been impacted by droughts and/or flooding to varying degrees of severity related to local sensitivity to complex interactions and feedbacks between land-cover/land-use change, rainfall variability, surface and ground-water dynamics, river and floodplain interactions, atmospheric circulation patterns, as well as local and transported aerosol and greenhouse gas emissions. Possible impacts include increasing uncertainty of food security and complexity of environmental decision-making. Reliable climate prediction on seasonal-to-decadal timescales based on improved understanding of various physical mechanisms and their spatiotemporal scales of variability will help mitigate their environmental and socio-economic impacts, and enhance sustainable livelihood, especially water availability and food security. This session encourages interdisciplinary studies aimed at unraveling the links between various environmental phenomena and their associated processes and outcomes, including societal impacts. We welcome research and applications based on all types of observational, analysis, and modeling resources.
Primary Convener:  Charles M Ichoku, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Conveners:  Tsegaye Tadesse, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States, Amin K Dezfuli, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States and Robinson M Mugo, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya
Index Terms:

0426 Biosphere/atmosphere interactions [BIOGEOSCIENCES]
1616 Climate variability [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1878 Water/energy interactions [HYDROLOGY]
9305 Africa [GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Laura Harrison1, Sari Lucille Blakeley2, Mike Hobbins3, Candida Dewes3, Chris C Funk4, Shraddhanand Shukla5 and Gregory J Husak6, (1)University of California Santa Barbara, Geography, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (2)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (3)Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)U.S. Geological Survey EROS Center / FEWS NET, Sioux Falls, United States, (5)UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (6)USGS, Santa Barbara, CA, United States
Amy L. Dale, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences / Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, Cambridge, MA, United States, Brent Boehlert, Industrial Economics, Inc., Cambridge, MA, United States, Meghan Reisenauer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cambridge, MA, United States, Kenneth M Strzepek, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States and Susan Solomon, MIT/EAPS, Cambridge, MA, United States
Ebagnerin Jerome Tondoh, WASCAL, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Gerald Forkuor, WASCAL, Competence Center, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Jimmy O Adegoke, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, United States
Andualem Shimeles Shiferaw, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States, Tsegaye Tadesse, National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States, Robert James Oglesby, University of Nebraska, Lincol, Lincoln, NE, United States and Clinton M Rowe, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States
Emily E Riddle1, Thomas M Hopson2, Mekonnen Gebremichael3, Jennifer Boehnert4, Daniel Broman5, Kevin Michael Sampson2, Satya Priya6, Dorita Rostkier-Edelstein7, Deepak Singh6 and Dan C Collins8, (1)University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, United States, (2)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (3)University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (4)NCAR, Boulder, CO, United States, (5)Bureau of Reclamation Denver, Water Resources Planning and Operations Support Group, Denver, CO, United States, (6)World Bank, New Delhi, India, (7)Israel Institute for Biological Research, Dept. of Applied Mathematics, Environment Division, Ness Ziona, Israel, (8)Climate Prediction Center College Park, College Park, MD, United States
David Macdonald1, Matthew Ascott1, Dan Lapworth2 and Callist Tindimugaya3, (1)British Geological Survey Wallingford, Wallingford, United Kingdom, (2)British Geological Survey - BGS, Groundwater Science, Wallingford, United Kingdom, (3)Ministry of Water and Environment, Entebbe, Uganda
Caroline Dunning1, Emily Black1 and Richard Philip Allan2, (1)University of Reading, Reading, RG6, United Kingdom, (2)University of Reading, READING, United Kingdom
Patrick Olayiwola Hosea, Durban, South Africa
Robert V Rohli1, Sara Ates1, Victor H Rivera-Monroy2, Michael J Polito3, Stephen R Midway4, Arthur Gold5, Edward Castañeda-Moya6, Emi Uchida7, Makoto Suwa8 and Mwita M Mangora9, (1)Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (2)Louisiana State University, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (3)Louisiana State University, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (4)Louisiana State University, Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (5)University of Rhode Island, Natural Resources Science, Narragansett, RI, United States, (6)Florida International University, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Miami, FL, United States, (7)University of Rhode Island, Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, Kingston, RI, United States, (8)World Meteorological Organizat, Bethesda, MD, United States, (9)University of Dar es Salaam, Institute of Marine Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Yuri Kim, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, United States, Anne M. Trainor, The Nature Conservancy, Africa Program, Cincinnati, OH, United States and Tracy J. Baker, The Nature Conservancy, Africa Program, Highland, NY, United States
Catherine Pomposi, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, Chris C Funk, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Center / FEWS NET, Sioux Falls, United States, Shraddhanand Shukla, UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States and Tamuka Magadzire, FEWS NET, Gaborone, Botswana
Tsegaye Tadesse1, Yared A Bayissa1, Getachew Berhan Demisse2, Brian Wardlow1 and NASA_GHA Project Team, (1)University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States, (2)Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Shufen Pan1, Jingting Zhang2, Jia Yang1, Guangsheng Chen2, Rongting Xu2, Bowen Zhang2 and Yiping Lou3, (1)International Center for Climate and Global Change Research, School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, United States, (2)Auburn University, International Center for Climate and Global Change Research and School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn, AL, United States, (3)Auburn University, School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn, AL, United States
Amin K Dezfuli, Ichoku Ichoku, George John Huffman and Karen I Mohr, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Joerg Helmschrot and Jane M Olwoch, Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management (SASSCAL), Windhoek, Namibia
Megan Lickley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States and Susan Solomon, MIT/EAPS, Cambridge, MA, United States