GC083:
Use of Earth Observations in Mitigating Major Environmental Challenges in Africa





Session ID#: 26029

Session Description:
Severe droughts and floods across Africa have ruined harvests, livelihoods, and have fueled food insecurity; increasing the complexity of resource allocation and other environmental decision making in the African continent. This session focuses on basic and applied research efforts, including capacity building, in the African continent that incorporate Earth observations to generate tools, products, and services, to support the environmental decision making by governmental institutions, non-governmental agencies, and the general public.  The major challenges facing the region are particularly acute in food security and agriculture, water resources management, disaster risk reduction, and rapidly changing land use and ecosystems. Submissions are welcome from researchers and practitioners focusing on addressing these societal challenges for the African continent.
Primary Convener:  Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States
Conveners:  Emil A. Cherrington, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, Robinson M Mugo, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya and Alfari Issifou, Agriculture, Hydrology and Meteorology Regional Center (AGHRYMET), Niamey, Niger

Cross-Listed:
  • ED - Education
  • H - Hydrology
  • NH - Natural Hazards
  • SI - Societal Impacts and Policy Sciences
Index Terms:

1616 Climate variability [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1632 Land cover change [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1640 Remote sensing [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1655 Water cycles [GLOBAL CHANGE]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Edward Ouko1, Steve Omondi2, Robinson M Mugo1, Hussein Farah1, Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova3 and Emily Caitlin Adams3, (1)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (2)GIT Expert, Regional Centre For Mapping Resource For Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (3)NASA-SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States
Julius Anchang1, Niall P Hanan1, Lara Prihodko2, Sanath Kumar Sathyachandran1, Wenjie Ji3 and Christopher Wade Ross4, (1)New Mexico State University Main Campus, Las Cruces, NM, United States, (2)New Mexico State University Main Campus, Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Las Cruces, NM, United States, (3)New Mexico State University, Plant and Environment Science, Las Cruces, NM, United States, (4)New Mexico State University Main Campus, Plant and Environmental Sciences, Las Cruces, NM, United States
Emil A. Cherrington1, Gregoire Vincent2, Nicolas Barbier2, Raphaël Pélissier3, Daniel Sabatier3 and Uta Berger4, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)IRD Institute for Research and Development, AMAP, Marseille Cedex 02, France, (3)Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Montpellier, France, (4)Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
Lilian WANGUI Ndungu1, Antony Oduya Ndubi1, Anastasia Wahome1, Walter Lee Ellenburg2 and Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova3, (1)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (2)NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (3)NASA-SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States
Gregory J Husak, University of California Santa Barbara, Department of Geography, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, William Turner, Hickory, NC, United States, Amy McNally, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, COLLEGE PARK, MD, United States, Shraddhanand Shukla, UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States and Chris C Funk, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Center / FEWS NET, Sioux Falls, United States
Emily Caitlin Adams1,2, James Wanjohi Nyaga3, Walter Lee Ellenburg4, Ashutosh S Limaye5, Robinson M Mugo3, Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova1, Daniel Irwin6, Jonathan Case5, Susan Malaso7 and Absae Sedah8, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)NASA-SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States, (3)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (4)NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (5)ENSCO, Inc./NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (6)NASA Marshall Space Flght Ctr, Huntsville, AL, United States, (7)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, RS, Nairobi, Kenya, (8)Kenya Meterological Department County Kericho, Kericho, Kenya
Sara Amirazodi1, Robert Griffin1 and Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova2, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Department of Atmospheric Science, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States
Sean P Healey, Ogden, UT, United States, Phoebe Oduor, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, Warren B. Cohen, US Forest Service Corvallis, Corvallis, OR, United States, Zhiqiang Yang, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, Edward Ouko, Regional Centre for Mapping Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, Noel Gorelick, Google, Mountian View, CA, United States and Sylvia Wilson, United States Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States
Shraddhanand Shukla1, Gregory J Husak2, Denis Macharia3, Pete Peterson1, Martin Francis Landsfeld4, Christopher Funk5 and Africa Flores6, (1)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (2)USGS, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (3)Regional Center for Mapping Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (4)Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States, (5)USGS, Baltimore, MD, United States, (6)Regional Visualization and Monitoring System (SERVIR), Huntsville, AL, United States
Maggi Klug1,2, Jordan Cissell2,3 and Max Grossman2,4, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)NASA DEVELOP National Program, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (3)University of Alabama, Geography, Tuscaloosa, AL, United States, (4)George Washington University, International Relations/Geography, Washington D.C., DC, United States
Amelia Snyder1, Thomas Dietterich1 and John S Selker2, (1)Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, (2)Oregon State University, Biological and Ecological Engineering, Corvallis, OR, United States
Patrick Kuburhanwa Lola Amani, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States
Begum Rabeya Rushi1,2, Walter Lee Ellenburg2, Emily Caitlin Adams3, Africa Flores4, Ashutosh S Limaye5, Rodrigo Valdés-Pineda6, Tirthankar Roy7, Juan B Valdés7, Faith Mithieu8 and Steve Omondi9, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (3)NASA-SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States, (4)Regional Visualization and Monitoring System (SERVIR), Huntsville, AL, United States, (5)ENSCO, Inc./NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, United States, (6)University of Arizona, Hydrology and Atmospheric Sciences, Tucson, AZ, United States, (7)University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States, (8)Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (9)GIT Expert, Regional Centre For Mapping Resource For Development, Nairobi, Kenya
Sari Lucille Blakeley1, Gregory J Husak2, Laura Harrison3, Chris C Funk4, Daniel E Osgood5 and Pete Peterson3, (1)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (2)USGS, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (3)University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (4)U.S. Geological Survey EROS Center / FEWS NET, Sioux Falls, United States, (5)Columbia University of New York, Center for Research on Environmental Decisions, Palisades, NY, United States
Niall P Hanan, New Mexico State University Main Campus, Las Cruces, NM, United States, Julius Anchang, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, United States, Amadou Moctar Dieye, Centre de Suivi Ecologique, Dakar, Senegal, Kadidia Yero, AGRHYMET Regional Center, Niamey, Niger and Andrew T Tredennick, Utah State University, Logan, UT, United States
Phoebe Oduor1, Steve Omondi2, Anastasia Wahome1, Robinson M Mugo1 and Africa Flores3, (1)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (2)GIT Expert, Regional Centre For Mapping Resource For Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (3)Regional Visualization and Monitoring System (SERVIR), Huntsville, AL, United States
John Steven Selker1, Nick Van De Giesen2, Frank O Annor3, Rebecca Hochreutener4 and Elizabeth Rae Jachens1, (1)Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, (2)Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft, Netherlands, (3)TU Delft, Civil Engineering & Geosciences, Delft, Netherlands, (4)Oregon State University, Biological and Ecological Engineering, Corvallis, OR, United States
Kelsey E. Herndon1,2, Rebekke Muench2,3, Emil A. Cherrington2,3 and Robert Griffin1, (1)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Department of Atmospheric Science, Huntsville, AL, United States, (2)NASA SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States, (3)University of Alabama in Huntsville, Earth System Science Center, Huntsville, AL, United States
Antony Oduya Ndubi1, Lilian WANGUI Ndungu2, Anastasia Wahome1, Robinson M Mugo1 and Africa Ixmucane Flores Cordova3, (1)Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (2)Nairobi, Kenya, (3)NASA-SERVIR, Science Coordination Office, Huntsville, AL, United States