North Atlantic Climate Variability: Mechanisms, Predictability and Impacts

Session ID#: 26112

Session Description:
Climate variability in the North Atlantic has important implications for rainfall, air temperature, hurricanes, and sea ice. However, the mechanisms that cause this variability remain an active area of research. In addition, observations over the last century are affected by anthropogenic influence, therefore it is important to separate the effect of external forcing from internal variations. In this session, we welcome observational and modeling studies addressing the mechanisms, predictability, and impacts of North Atlantic variability in the past, current and future climate. Contributions on the following topics are encouraged:

1. Low-frequency variability in ocean heat transport and atmospheric variability

2. The role of atmosphere-ocean-sea ice coupling in North Atlantic climate variability

3. Assessing the climatic impacts of North Atlantic variability on sea ice, hurricanes, precipitation etc

4. Understanding North Atlantic climate change from paleoclimate reconstructions

5. Response of North Atlantic variability to future climate change

Primary Convener:  Katinka Bellomo, Columbia University of New York, Palisades, NY, United States
Conveners:  Melissa Gervais, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, Lisa Murphy Goes, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States and Jian Zhao, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Co-Organized with:
Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean Sciences, and Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

  • GC - Global Environmental Change
  • OS - Ocean Sciences
  • PP - Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Index Terms:

3305 Climate change and variability [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
3339 Ocean/atmosphere interactions [ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES]
4513 Decadal ocean variability [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4962 Thermohaline [PALEOCEANOGRAPHY]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Mojib Latif, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
Alexey V Mishonov1,2, Dan Seidov3, James R Reagan1, Tim Boyer4 and Arthur Rost Parsons5, (1)Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States, (2)National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly NODC), NESDIS/NOAA, Silver Spring, MD, United States, (3)NOAA Camp Springs, Camp Springs, MD, United States, (4)NOAA National Centers for Environmenl Informatiotan, Asheville, NC, United States, (5)NOAA, National Centers for Environmental Information, Silver Spring, MD, United States
Chia-Wei Hsu, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States and Isabella Velicogna, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Yun-Chuan Chung1, Hsun-Ming Hu1, Horng-Sheng Mii2, Véronique Michel3, Patricia Valensi4 and Chuan-Chou Shen1, (1)Department of Geoscience, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, (2)Department of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, (3)Université Côte d’Azur, CNRS, CEPAM, Nice, France, (4)Département de Préhistoire, MNHN Paris, CNRS, Paris, France
Stefan Rahmstorf1, Levke Caesar1, Georg Feulner1, Alexander Robinson2 and Vincent S Saba3, (1)Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, (2)Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, (3)NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Dynamics and Assessment Program, Princeton, NJ, United States
David Reynolds1, Ian R Hall2, Sophie M Slater3, James David Scourse4, Alan D Wanamaker5, Paul Richard Halloran6 and Freya K Garry4, (1)Cardiff University, School of Earth and Oceanc Sciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom, (2)Cardiff University, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom, (3)Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom, (4)University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom, (5)Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States, (6)University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4, United Kingdom
Laifang Li1, M Susan Lozier1, Martha W Buckley2 and Nicholas Foukal1, (1)Duke University, Durham, NC, United States, (2)George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States
Bette L Otto-Bliesner1, Alexandra Jahn2, Ran Feng1, Esther C Brady3, Aixue Hu4 and Marcus Lofverstrom1, (1)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)University of Colorado at Boulder, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and INSTAAR, Boulder, CO, United States, (3)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)NCAR, Boulder, CO, United States
Andrew M. Hogg and Bishakhdatta Gayen, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Andrew Ronald Friedman, Gilles P Reverdin, Myriam Khodri and Guillaume Gastineau, Sorbonne-Universités, LOCEAN, CNRS/IRD/UPMC/MNHN, Paris, France
Kerstin Proemmel, Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany and Ulrich Cubasch, Free University of Berlin, Institute of Meteorology, Berlin, Germany
Fanrong Jenny Zeng1, Xiaosong Yang1 and Thomas L Delworth2, (1)Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ, United States, (2)GFDL, NJ, United States
Robert Christopher Wills1, Kyle Armour2, David S Battisti3 and Dennis L Hartmann1, (1)University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Seattle, WA, United States, (2)University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States, (3)University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
Thomas L Delworth1, Fanrong Jenny Zeng1, Xiaosong Yang2 and Liping Zhang2, (1)GFDL, NJ, United States, (2)Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ, United States
Efi Rousi, Stefan Rahmstorf and Dim Coumou, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
Andrew J Wheeler, University College Cork, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Cork, Ireland, Stephen Gallagher, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Rory O Donnell, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Xavier Monteys, Geological Survey of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland and IODP Exp. 307 scientists, IODP, La Jolla, CA, United States
Mingfang Ting, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States
Richard A Mortlock1, Nicole A Abdul2, Li Cao3, James Wright1 and Richard G Fairbanks4, (1)Rutgers University New Brunswick, EPS, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (2)Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, (3)Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Gaithersburg, MD, United States, (4)Columbia University, New York, NY, United States
Ville Maliniemi, Timo Asikainen and Kalevi Mursula, University of Oulu, ReSoLVE Centre of Excellence, Space Climate Research Unit, Oulu, Finland
Gordon R Bromley1, Aaron E. Putnam2, Kurt M Rademaker3, Alexandra Balter2 and Brenda L Hall2, (1)National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland, (2)University of Maine, Orono, ME, United States, (3)Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, United States