T047:
Transform Plate Boundaries: Mechanics and Hazards





Session ID#: 26428

Session Description:
Transform plate boundaries offer a window into the mechanical deformation of lithosphere absent of external mantle processes (corner flow, upwelling). Continental transforms also present significant hazards due to their proximity to population centers. A variety of deformation styles occur at transform plate boundaries, particularly at fault stepovers, endpoints, and in oblique zones. Recent ruptures of transform faults including the Kekerengu Fault of New Zealand and the Queen Charlotte Fault of western North America highlight the need for improved understanding of the mechanics and deformation processes associated with transform systems. We seek contributions highlighting new results from the recent Kaikoura earthquake and studies of the Queen Charlotte Fault, the San Andreas Fault, the North Anatolian Fault, and the Alpine Fault. We emphasize the importance of multi- and cross-disciplinary approaches to study transform systems and welcome broad contributions, especially research involving earthquake seismology, paleoseismology, marine geology and geophysics, tectonic geomorphology, and geodesy.
Primary Convener:  Maureen A L Walton, USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States
Conveners:  Uri S Ten Brink1, Nathaniel C Miller1 and Daniel S Brothers2, (1)USGS Coastal and Marine Science Center Woods Hole, Woods Hole, MA, United States(2)USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States

Cross-Listed:
  • EP - Earth and Planetary Surface Processes
  • NH - Natural Hazards
  • OS - Ocean Sciences
  • S - Seismology

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Wenyuan Fan, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States and Peter M Shearer, Univ California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States
Paul H Wetmore1, Surui Xie2, Elisabeth Gallant1, Lewis A Owen3 and Timothy H Dixon4, (1)University of South Florida Tampa, Tampa, FL, United States, (2)University of South Florida, School of Geosciences, Tampa, FL, United States, (3)Univ Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States, (4)Univ of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States
Margaret S Boettcher, University of New Hampshire Main Campus, Durham, NH, United States, Monica Wolfson-Schwehr, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, United States and Mark D Behn, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Vaughn Barrie1, H. Gary Greene2, Daniel S Brothers3, Kim Conway4 and James E Conrad3, (1)Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada, (2)Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, Moss Landing, CA, United States, (3)Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (4)Natural Resources Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada
Kimberly Blisniuk, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA, United States, Julie C Fosdick, University of Connecticut, Department of Geography & Center for Integrative Geosciences, Groton, CT, United States, Greg Balco, Berkeley Geochronology Center, Berkeley, CA, United States and John O Stone, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Seattle, WA, United States
Maureen A L Walton1, Nathaniel C Miller2, Daniel S Brothers1, Jared Kluesner1, Peter J Haeussler3, James E Conrad1, Brian D Andrews2 and Uri S Ten Brink2, (1)USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (2)USGS Coastal and Marine Science Center Woods Hole, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (3)USGS Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, AK, United States
Wayne R Thatcher, USGS Western Regional Offices Menlo Park, Menlo Park, CA, United States, David S Chapman, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States, Amir A Allam, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States and Colin Francis Williams, US Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, United States
James Scott Neely, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States, Yihe Huang, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States and Kevin Furlong, Penn State University, University Park, United States
Marcia Maia, CNRS-Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Laboratoire Géosciences Océan, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Plouzané, France, Anne Briais, CNRS- GET - Obs Midi Pyrénées, Toulouse, France, Daniele Brunelli, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Modena, Italy, Marco Ligi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Bologna, Italy, Susanna E Sichel, LAGEMAR UFF, Niteroi, Brazil and Thomas Campos, UFRN, Natal, Brazil
Hector Perea1,2, Gulsen Ucarkus3, Neal W Driscoll2, Graham Martin Kent4, Yuval Levy5 and Thomas K Rockwell5, (1)ICM-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain, (2)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (3)Istanbul Technical University, Geology Department, Istanbul, Turkey, (4)Nevada Seismological Lab, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV, United States, (5)San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States
Marie-Helene Cormier1, Heather Sloan2, Dominique Boisson3, Britta Brown4, Kelly Guerrier3, Casey Keegan Hearn5, Clifford W Heil Jr6, Roger P Kelly7, John W King6, Paul Knotts2, Oliver F. Lucier8, Roberte Momplaisir9, Rachel Stempel2, Steeve J Symithe10, Sophia Marie Johanne Ulysse3 and Nigel J Wattrus11, (1)University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States, (2)CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, NY, United States, (3)State University of Haiti, Research Unit in Geoscience, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (4)American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, United States, (5)University of Rhode Island Narragansett Bay, Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States, (6)Univ Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, United States, (7)URI GSO, Narragansett, RI, United States, (8)Rice University, Houston, TX, United States, (9)UEH Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (10)Universite d'Etat d'Haiti, URGeo, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (11)University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, United States
Heather Sloan1, Marie-Helene Cormier2, Dominique Boisson3, Britta Brown4, Kelly Guerrier3, Casey Keegan Hearn5, Clifford W Heil Jr6, LaTonya Hines1, Roger P Kelly7, John W King6, Paul Knotts1, Oliver F. Lucier8, Roberte Momplaisir9, Rachel Stempel1, Steeve J Symithe10, Sophia Marie Johanne Ulysse11 and Nigel J Wattrus12, (1)CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, NY, United States, (2)University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States, (3)State University of Haiti, Research Unit in Geoscience, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (4)American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, United States, (5)University of Rhode Island Narragansett Bay, Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States, (6)Univ Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, United States, (7)URI GSO, Narragansett, RI, United States, (8)Rice University, Houston, TX, United States, (9)UEH Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (10)Universite d'Etat d'Haiti, URGeo, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (11)State University of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (12)University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, United States
Simon Preuss1, Ylona van Dinther2, Jean-Paul Ampuero3, Robert Herrendoerfer1 and Taras Gerya1, (1)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, (2)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland, (3)California Institute of Technology, Seismological Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Katherine J Kendrick, USGS Pasadena Field Office, Pasadena, CA, United States and Jonathan C Matti, U.S. Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ, United States
Nicholas Harmon1, Catherine Rychert1, Matthew R Agius2, Saikiran Tharimena3 and J Michael Kendall4, (1)University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, (2)University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, (3)University Of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, (4)University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Jeffrey Alan Karson, Syracuse University, Earth Sciences, Syracuse, NY, United States, Bryndis Brandsdottir, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, Andrew J Horst, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH, United States and James Farrell, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, United States
Sarah Abecassis, CNRS, Paris Cedex 16, France, Diane Arcay, Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier, France; CNRS, Montpellier, France, Serge Lallemand, Université de Montpellier, Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier, France and Fanny Garel, Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier Cedex 05, France; University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Bryndis Brandsdottir, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Institute of Earth Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland, Jeffrey Alan Karson, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, United States, Sigríður Magnúsdóttir, Iceland GeoSurvey, Reykjavik, Iceland, Bob Detrick, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, Washington, DC, United States and Neal W Driscoll, Scripps Institution of Oceanog, La Jolla, CA, United States
Casey Keegan Hearn1, Marie-Helene Cormier2, Heather Sloan3, Nigel J Wattrus4, Dominique Boisson5, Britta Brown6, Kelly Guerrier5, John W King7, Paul Knotts3, Roberte Momplaisir8, Christopher C Sorlien9, Rachel Stempel3, Steeve J Symithe10 and Sophia Marie Johanne Ulysse5, (1)University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, United States, (2)University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States, (3)CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, NY, United States, (4)University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, United States, (5)State University of Haiti, Research Unit in Geoscience, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (6)American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, United States, (7)Univ Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, United States, (8)UEH Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (9)Earth Research Institute, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (10)Universite d'Etat d'Haiti, URGeo, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Nathaniel C Miller1, Maureen A L Walton2, Daniel S Brothers3, Peter J Haeussler4, Uri S Ten Brink1, James E Conrad3, Jared Kluesner2 and Brian D Andrews1, (1)USGS Coastal and Marine Science Center Woods Hole, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (2)USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (3)Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, (4)U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK, United States
Vaclav Matej Kuna, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, John Nabelek, COAS, Corvallis, OR, United States and Jochen Braunmiller, University of South Florida Tampa, School of Geosciences, Tampa, FL, United States
William Joseph Cochran, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Geosciences, Blacksburg, VA, United States and James A Spotila, Virginia PolyTech Inst State U, Blacksburg, VA, United States
Nadine Ellouz1, Youri Hamon2, Remy Deschamps1, Anne Battani3, Richard Wessels4, Dominique Boisson5, Claude Prepetit6 and Roberte Momplaisir7, (1)IFP Energies nouvelles, Rueil-Malmaison Cedex, France, (2)IFPEN, Geosciences, Rueil-Malmaison, France, (3)IFP Energies nouvelles, Rueil-Malmaison, France, (4)IFP Energies nouvelles, Geosciences, Rueil-Malmaison, France, (5)State University of Haiti, Research Unit in Geoscience, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (6)Bureau des Mines et de l’Energie (BME), Port-au-Prince, Haiti, (7)UEH Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

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