SA007:
Solar Eclipse Effects on the Upper Atmosphere





Session ID#: 26657

Session Description:
For the first time in 26 years, a total solar eclipse will occur in the North American on 21 August 2017. During the eclipse-induced sudden interruption in solar illumination, the upper atmosphere will undergo significant changes beyond what a normal sunset and sunrise process would generate. Although eclipse effects have been studied for many decades, recent major advances in modern observational techniques can provide timely new information on eclipse upper atmospheric system response. Global numerical models have become more capable of capturing important coupling processes on various scales. This session will review existing theories and knowledge of eclipse upper atmospheric effects, examine these against modern eclipse observations, in particular during 21 August 2017, and identify unresolved and challenging problems for future research. We welcome contributions addressing scientific questions of the ionospheric, thermospheric and mesospheric variations during a solar eclipse using ground-based and in situ measurements as well as numerical models. 

Please note, the regular AGU abstract submission deadline comes before the 2017 eclipse. Submissions related to this event must be submitted by the 2 August deadline, however for this session, revision to the submitted abstracts will be possible until September 15, allowing the latest results to be incorporated into the submitted abstracts.

Primary Convener:  Shunrong Zhang, MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, MA, United States
Conveners:  Larisa P Goncharenko, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States and Libo Liu, IGG Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Index Terms:

0355 Thermosphere: composition and chemistry [ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE]
2427 Ionosphere/atmosphere interactions [IONOSPHERE]
7538 Solar irradiance [SOLAR PHYSICS, ASTROPHYSICS, AND ASTRONOMY]

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Joseph M McInerney1, Hanli Liu1, Daniel Robert Marsh1, Stanley C Solomon1, Francis Vitt1 and Andrew J Conley2, (1)National Center for Atmospheric Research, High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Atmospheric Chemistry Observations & Modeling, Boulder, CO, United States
Cissi Ying-tsen Lin, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, United States and Yue Deng, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX, United States
Morris Cohen1, Jackson McCormick2, Nicholas C Gross2 and Marc Alexander Higginson-Rollins2, (1)Georgia Institute of Technology Main Campus, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Atlanta, GA, United States, (2)Georgia Institute of Technology Main Campus, Atlanta, GA, United States
Aaron J Ridley, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, AOSS, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, Douglas Patrick Drob, Naval Research Lab, Space Science Division, Washington, DC, United States, Joseph Huba, US Naval Research Laboratory, Plasma Physics Division, Washington, DC, United States, Eelco Doornbos, Delft University of Technology, Aerospace Engineering, Delft, 5612, Netherlands, Davide Masutti, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Waterloo, Belgium and Larisa P Goncharenko, MIT, Pepperell, MA, United States
Jill Nelson1, K.C. Kerby2, W. C. Liles3, Laura Lukes4, Jennifer Henry1 and Janet Oputa1, (1)George Mason University Fairfax, Fairfax, VA, United States, (2)University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, United States, (3)George Mason University (alumni), Fairfax, United States, (4)George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States
Jose Nicolas Gachancipa1, Kshitija Deshpande1, Julian Andres Herrera2, Seebany Datta-Barua3, Yang Su4, Geza Gyuk5, Gary S Bust6 and Donald L Hampton7, (1)Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL, United States, (2)Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Department of Physical Sciences, Daytona Beach, FL, United States, (3)Illinois Institute of Technology, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Chicago, IL, United States, (4)Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, United States, (5)Adler Planetarium, Director of Astronomy, Chicago, IL, United States, (6)Applied Physics Laboratory Johns Hopkins, Laurel, MD, United States, (7)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States
Robert C Moore, University of Florida, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ft Walton Beach, FL, United States and Hunter Burch, Glendale, CA, United States
Gregory Duane Earle1, Lee Kordella2, Xaioyu Han3, Magdalina Louise Moses1, Dennis Sweeney4, Robert W McGwier5, Will Lloyd6 and J. Michael Ruohoniemi1, (1)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (2)Los Angeles, CA, United States, (3)Virginia Tech, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (4)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, ECE, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (5)Hwaseong, Korea, Republic of (South), (6)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Hume Center, Blacksburg, VA, United States
Sergei Cherniakov, Polar Geophysical Institute, Apatity, Russia
Douglas Patrick Drob, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, United States, Joseph Huba, US Naval Research Laboratory, Plasma Physics Division, Washington, DC, United States, Lee Kordella, Los Angeles, CA, United States, Gregory Duane Earle, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States and Aaron J Ridley, Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Louise C Gentile, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, United States and AFRL AFCAP Campaign Team
William Robin Coley, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, United States, Marc R Hairston, Univ of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, United States and Angeline G Burrell, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
J Vincent Eccles1, Donald D Rice1, Jan Josef Sojka2, Robert Andrew Marshall3, Douglas Patrick Drob4 and Jonh Carlos Decena5, (1)Space Environment Corporation, Logan, UT, United States, (2)Space Environment Corporation, Physics Department, Logan, UT, United States, (3)University of Colorado at Boulder, Aerospace Engineering Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Washington, DC, United States, (5)Utah State University, Department of Physics, Logan, UT, United States
Samar Mathur, Alexis Fenton, Christian C Behrend and Edgar Bering III, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States
Sebastijan Mrak, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States and Joshua L Semeter, Boston Univ, Boston, MA, United States
Nathaniel A Frissell1, Andrew J Gerrard2, Joshua S. Vega1, Joshua D Katz1, Mary Lou West3, Spencer W Gunning1, Magdalina Louise Moses4, Ethan S Miller5, Philip John Erickson6, Joseph Huba7, H. Ward Silver8, Felipe Ceglia9, Peter Smith10, Richard Williams11, Alex Shovkoplyas12, Gregory Duane Earle4, Robert Gerzoff13, Philip Gladstone13, Steven E Reyer13, John R Ackermann13, David Bern13 and Samuel W Rose13, (1)New Jersey Institute of Technology, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research - Physics, Newark, NJ, United States, (2)New Jersey Institute of Technology, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, Newark, NJ, United States, (3)Montclair State University, Mathematical Sciences, Montclair, NJ, United States, (4)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (5)Applied Physics Laboratory Johns Hopkins, Laurel, MD, United States, (6)MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, MA, United States, (7)US Naval Research Laboratory, Plasma Physics Division, Washington, DC, United States, (8)American Radio Relay Leage, Newington, CT, United States, (9)Cherry Hill, NJ, United States, (10)Rolla, MO, United States, (11)Santa Fe, NM, United States, (12)Afreet Software, Inc., Richmond Hill, ON, Canada, (13)HamSCI, Newark, NJ, United States
Chirag Rathod1, Bhuvana Srinivasan2, Wayne Scales3 and Gregory Duane Earle3, (1)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Kevin T. Crofton Department of Aerospace and Ocean Engineering, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (2)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Kevin T. Crofton Aerospace and Ocean Engineering, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (3)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States
Stanimir Stankov, Royal Meteorological Institute, Dourbes, Belgium and Tobias G.W. Verhulst, Royal Meteorological Institute (RMI), Brussels, Belgium
Jung Hee KIM and Heon-Young Chang, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea, Republic of (South)
Philip John Erickson1, Shunrong Zhang1, Larisa P Goncharenko2, Anthea J Coster1, David L Hysell3, Michael P Sulzer4 and Juha Vierinen5, (1)MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, MA, United States, (2)MIT, Pepperell, MA, United States, (3)Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States, (4)Arecibo Observatory, Arecibo, PR, United States, (5)Univrsity of Tromsø, Tromso, Norway
Wei Xu1, Robert Andrew Marshall1, Douglas Patrick Drob2, Daniel Robert Marsh3, Jan Josef Sojka4 and Don Rice4, (1)University of Colorado at Boulder, Aerospace Engineering Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Washington, DC, United States, (3)NCAR, High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)Utah State University, Physics Department, Logan, UT, United States

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