EP042:
Sediment transport mechanics, morphologic expressions and depositional patterns of fine-grained dispersal systems





Session ID#: 27017

Session Description:
Fine-grained sediment (mud and sand) dominates over many types of depositional settings, including fluvial-deltaic, coastal, shallow and deep marine, and subglacial regions, as well as for a variety of flow types, such as lahars and debris flows. The transport mode may involve bedload movement, but is likely dominated by suspension, which can form non-hyperconcentrated or hyperconcentrated flows. When entrained in the moving fluid, fine-grained sediment can damp turbulence, alter fluid rheology, and generate hindered or lubricated particle interactions. This interplay among fine sediment and fluid flow affects large-scale morphologic expressions and depositional patterns, which could be reflected in the stratigraphic record. This session seeks contributions from studies exploring the movement of fine-grained sediment on Earth and other planetary surfaces over a broad range of spatiotemporal scales, by investigating the physics of fluid-sediment motion and resulting depositional patterns. We welcome field- and laboratory-based studies, numerical modeling, and theoretical contributions.
Primary Convener:  Hongbo Ma, Rice University, Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States
Conveners:  Jeffrey A Nittrouer, Rice University, Houston, TX, United States, Michael P Lamb, California Institute of Technology, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States and Gail C Kineke, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, United States
Index Terms:

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Rossella Luchi1, S Balachandar2, Giovanni Seminara3 and Gary Parker1, (1)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, (2)University of Florida, Ft Walton Beach, FL, United States, (3)Universita'' di Genova, Genova, Italy
Zhengchen Zang, Louisiana State University, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Z. George Xue, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Shaowu Bao, Coastal Carolina University, School of Coastal and Marine Systems Science, Conway, SC, United States, Qin Jim Chen, Louisiana State Univeristy, Coastal Studies Institute, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Nan Walker, LSU-Coastal Studies Institute, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Alaric Haag, Louisiana State University, Coastal Studies Institude, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Qian Ge, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Key Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou, China and Zhigang Yao, Ocean University of China, Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography, Qingdao, China
In Kwon Um, KIGAM Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Petroleum and Marine Research Division, Daejeon, Korea, Republic of (South) and Man Sik Choi, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea, Republic of (South)
Qiang Yao, Kam-Biu Liu and Junghyung (Johnny) Ryu, Louisiana State University, Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States
Kan-Hsi Hsiung, JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan, Toshiya Kanamatsu, JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Yokosuka, Japan, Ken Ikehara, AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan, Kazuko Usami, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Japan, Saneatsu Saito, JAMSTEC, Yokosuka, Japan and Masafumi Murayama, Kochi Univ, Nankoku, Japan
Qian Yang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Ranjan Sarkar, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, CSRE, Mumbai, India, Priyabrata Das, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India and Amit Basu Sarbadhikari, Physical Research Laboratory, PSDN, Ahmedabad, India
Aimei Wang1, David K Ralston2, Houjie Wang1 and Zhen Cheng2, (1)Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China, (2)WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Hadis Matinpour1, Joseph F Atkinson1 and Sean Joseph Bennett2, (1)University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United States, (2)SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United States
Han Sang Kim, Bureau of Reclamation Denver, Denver, CO, United States and Hamn-Ching Chen, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States
Haoran Liu1,2, Kehui Xu1,2, Samuel J Bentley2,3, Chunyan Li1,2, Michael D. Miner4, Carol Wilson2,3 and Zehao Xue2,3, (1)Louisiana State University, Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (2)Coastal Studies Institute, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (3)Louisiana State University, Geology & Geophysics, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (4)Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, New Orleans, LA, United States
Shih-Hsun Huang, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan and Christina Tsai, National Taiwan University, Civil Engineering, Taipei, Taiwan
Paul Jarvis and Nathalie M Vriend, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Michelle Mullane, Lisa Louise Kumpf and Gail C Kineke, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, United States
Mohit Tunwal, Kieran F Mulchrone and Patrick A. Meere, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Kirsten L Siebach1, Michael B Baker2, John P Grotzinger3, Scott M McLennan4, Ralf Gellert5, Lucy M Thompson6 and Joel Hurowitz4, (1)Stony Brook, NY, United States, (2)CALTECH, Pasadena, CA, United States, (3)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (4)Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, United States, (5)University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, (6)University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada
Lisa Louise Kumpf1, Gail C Kineke1, Brandee Carlson2 and Michelle Mullane1, (1)Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, United States, (2)Rice University, Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States
Andrew James Moodie1, Jeffrey A Nittrouer2, Hongbo Ma1, Michael P Lamb3, Brandee Carlson1, Gail C Kineke4 and Gary Parker5, (1)Rice University, Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States, (2)Rice University, Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States, (3)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (4)Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, United States, (5)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States
Katherine A Castagno, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, Jeffrey P Donnelly, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States, Sophie A Ruehr, Yale University, Department of Geology and Geophysics, New Haven, CT, United States and Jonathan D Woodruff, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, United States
Liqun Lyu1, Mengzhen Xu III1 and Zhaoyin Wang2, (1)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (2)Tsinghua university, Beijing, China
Chenge An1, Gary Parker2, Hongbo Ma3, Kensuke Naito2, Andrew James Moodie3 and Xudong Fu1, (1)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (2)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, (3)Rice University, Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States
Estefania Ortiz1, Masako Tominaga1 and Franco Marcantonio2, (1)Texas A&M University College Station, Department of Geology and Geophysics, College Station, TX, United States, (2)Texas A & M University College Station, Department of Geology and Geophysics, College Station, TX, United States
He Qing Huang, Zhehui Xie and Guoan Yu, IGSNRR Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, China
Xingyu Chen1, Haoche HO2 and Xudong Fu1, (1)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (2)Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Qingfeng Feng1, Teng Man2, Kimberly M Hill3 and Xudong Fu1, (1)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (2)University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo- Engineering, Minneapolis, MN, United States, (3)University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States
Hongbo Ma1, Jeffrey A Nittrouer2, Baosheng Wu3, Yuanfeng Zhang4, David C Mohrig5, Michael P. Lamb6, Yuanjian Wang4, Xudong Fu7, Andrew James Moodie1, Kensuke Naito8 and Gary Parker9, (1)Rice University, Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States, (2)Rice University, Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States, (3)Tsinghua University, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Beijing, China, (4)Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Zhengzhou, China, (5)The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Geological Sciences, Austin, TX, United States, (6)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United States, (7)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (8)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, United States, (9)University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States
Elizabeth A Hajek1, Ellen Chamberlin2 and Nathaniel Wysocki1, (1)Pennsylvania State University Main Campus, University Park, PA, United States, (2)Denison University, Granville, OH, United States
Dong Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Zehao Xue1,2, Carol Wilson1,2, Samuel J Bentley1,2, Kehui Xu1,3, Haoran Liu1,3, Chunyan Li1,3 and Michael D. Miner4, (1)Coastal Studies Institute, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (2)Louisiana State University, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (3)Louisiana State University, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, (4)Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, New Orleans, LA, United States
Erhui LI1, Donghui Li1, Yuanjian Wang2 and Xudong Fu1, (1)Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, (2)Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Zhengzhou, China
Monica Wiercigroch and Janok Bhattacharya, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada