T018:
Himalayan Earthquakes: Observations, Processes, and Tectonics





Session ID#: 27343

Session Description:
The Himalayan region is a tectonically active continental collision zone adjacent to numerous densely populated urban areas. Understanding the processes and tectonics of large Himalayan earthquakes is extremely important for estimating seismic hazards and organizing risk mitigation efforts. Earthquake rupture modeling, fault geometries and dynamics, lithospheric structure and rheologies, and the evolving state of regional stress all contribute to our understanding of the tectonic setting. We seek contributions from scientists who work on myriad aspects of Himalayan tectonics from the perspective of different disciplines including seismology, geodesy, geophysics, paleoseismology, structural geology, and geodynamics. We especially encourage submissions related to the recent 2015 large earthquakes in Nepal, the April 25, 2015 Gorkha magnitude 7.8 and the May 12, 2015 magnitude 7.3 earthquakes, the largest earthquakes to occur in the central segment of the Himalaya in 80 years.
Primary Convener:  Marianne S. Karplus, University of Texas at El Paso, Geological Sciences, El Paso, TX, United States
Conveners:  John Nabelek, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, Jean-Philippe Avouac, California Institute of Technology, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States and Aaron A Velasco, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, United States

Cross-Listed:
  • G - Geodesy
  • S - Seismology

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Arun Prasath R1, Ajay Paul1 and Sandeep Singh2, (1)Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun, India, (2)Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Earth Sciences, Roorkee, India
Guohong Zhang, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China, Eric Hetland, ANU, Canberra, Australia and Xinjian Shan, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Beijing, China
Arpita Paul, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun, India
William Joseph Shinevar, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, Mark D Behn, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States, Greg Hirth, Brown Univeristy, Providence, RI, United States and Oliver E Jagoutz, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, United States
Fawz Naim, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India and Mrinal Kanti Mukherjee, Indian School of Mines, Applied Geology, Dhanbad, India
Christopher Rollins1, Adriano Gualandi2, Jean-Philippe Avouac2, Jing Liu3 and Zhihui Zhang4, (1)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)California Institute of Technology, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States, (3)Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China, (4)ITP Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Taras Gerya1, Luca Dal Zilio1, Ylona van Dinther2 and Jean-Philippe Avouac3, (1)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, (2)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland, (3)California Institute of Technology, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States
James Daniel Paul Moore1, Sylvain Barbot2, Dongju Peng3, Hang Yu4, Qiang Qiu5, Teng Wang2, Sagar Masuti6, Justin Dauwels4, Eric O Lindsey2, Chi-Hsien Tang7, Lujia Feng1, Shengji Wei2, Ya-Ju Hsu8, Priyamvada Nanjundiah1, Valere Lambert9 and Solene Antoine10, (1)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (2)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore, (3)Falls Church, VA, United States, (4)Nanyang Technological University, School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Singapore, Singapore, (5)University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, (6)Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore, (7)Irvine, CA, United States, (8)Academia Sinica, Institute of Earth Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan, (9)California Institute of Technology, Seismological Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (10)Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris, Paris, France
Matthieu Alexis Ferry1, Thomas Roth2, Ritz Jean-Francois2 and Rodolphe Cattin1, (1)Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier Cedex 05, France, (2)Géosciences Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Neng Xiong, Rice University, Houston, TX, United States and Fenglin Niu, Rice University, Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Science, Houston, TX, United States
Vera Schulte-Pelkum, University of Colorado at Boulder, Geological Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, William D Barnhart, US Geological Survey, Golden, CO, United States, Daniel E McNamara, USGS, Denver, CO, United States, Marianne S. Karplus, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, United States and Gaspar Monsalve, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Minas, Medellín, Colombia
Luca Dal Zilio, ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, Romain Jolivet, Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris, PSL Research University, Paris, France and Ylona van Dinther, ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland
Sylvain Gaetan, Robert, Marcel Michel, University of Cambridge, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Jean-Philippe Avouac, California Institute of Technology, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States, Nadia Lapusta, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences and Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States and Junle Jiang, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States
Jie Chen, Boxuan Zhang and Jinhui Yin, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China
Suryodoy Ghoshal1, Nadine McQuarrie1, Delores M Robinson2, Elizabeth Olree2, Cole Valentino3 and Joshua Olsen1, (1)University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States, (2)University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, United States, (3)Occidental College, Geology, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Yuri A Fialko, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States and Kang Wang, IGPP, La Jolla, CA, United States
Judith Hubbard1, Rafael V Almeida2, Ying Sin Lee2, Lee M Liberty3, Lalu Paudel4, Amit Shrestha4, Soma Nath Sapkota5 and Govind Joshi4, (1)Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore, (2)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (3)Boise State Univ, Boise, ID, United States, (4)Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, (5)National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Ying Sin Lee1, Rafael V Almeida1, Judith Hubbard2, Lee M Liberty3, Anna E Foster4 and Soma Nath Sapkota5, (1)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (2)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore, (3)Boise State Univ, Boise, ID, United States, (4)Columbia University in the City of New York, New York, NY, United States, (5)National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Ling Bai, ITP Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China and James J Mori, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Sharadha Sathiakumar1, Sylvain Barbot2 and Judith Hubbard2, (1)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (2)Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore
Hiroe Miyake1, Kazuki Koketsu1, Hiroaki Kobayashi1, Babita Sharma2, O P Mishra2, Toshiaki Yokoi3, Takumi Hayashida4, Mukunda Bhattarai5 and Soma Nath Sapkota5, (1)Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, (2)National Centre for Seismology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi, India, (3)Building Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan, (4)Building Research Institute, Ibaraki, Japan, (5)National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal
Abhijit Ghosh1, Matthew Mendoza1, Bo LI1, Marianne S. Karplus2, John Nabelek3, Soma Nath Sapkota4, Lok Bijay Adhikari5, Simon L Klemperer6 and Aaron A Velasco7, (1)University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, United States, (2)University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, (3)COAS, Corvallis, OR, United States, (4)National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal, (5)Nepal Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal, (6)Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA, United States, (7)University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, United States
Manuel Mendoza1, Abhijit Ghosh1 and Shyam Sundar Rai2, (1)University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, United States, (2)IISER Pune, Earth & Climate Science, Pune, India
Marianne S. Karplus1, Mohan Pant1, Aaron A Velasco1, John Nabelek2, Vaclav Matej Kuna2, Soma Nath Sapkota3, Abhijit Ghosh4, Matthew Mendoza4, Lok Bijay Adhikari5 and Simon L Klemperer6, (1)University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, United States, (2)COAS, Corvallis, OR, United States, (3)National Seismological Centre, Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal, (4)University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, United States, (5)Nepal Department of Mines and Geology, Kathmandu, Nepal, (6)Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA, United States
Tak Ming Ho1, Keith Priestley1 and Steven W Roecker2, (1)University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, (2)Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst, Earth & Environmental Sciences, Troy, NY, United States

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