Biochar Production, Characterization, and Environmental Applications

Session ID#: 29261

Session Description:
Biochar is the carbon rich by-product of biomass pyrolysis that is the thermal decomposition of biomass materials in the absence of oxygen. The production process and the intended use of biochar are the parameters that distinguish biochar from charcoal and similar materials.  Biochar has been applied, for a long time, as a soil amendment for vegetation cultivation. It can be an effective material for carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. The pyrolysis process parameters affect the characteristics of biochar and consequently its potential applications. Therefore, comprehensive characterization of biochar is essential to understand its chemical and physical properties. This session seeks to bring together interested researchers to discuss recent research findings on the environmental applications of biochar along with novel implementation of high resolution characterization and monitoring methods. This session supports the AGU strategic objectives, by promoting collaboration within the increasingly active biochar community and other earth related disciplines.
Primary Convener:  Omar M Al-Qudah, Texas A&M University Kingsville, Environmental Engineering, Kingsville, TX, United States
Conveners:  Dimitrios Kalderis, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Natural Resources and the Environment, Chania, Greece, Dimitrios Ntarlagiannis, Rutgers University, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Newark, NJ, United States and Hamed El-Mashad, University of California Davis, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Davis, CA, United States

  • A - Atmospheric Sciences
  • B - Biogeosciences
  • EP - Earth and Planetary Surface Processes
Index Terms:

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Shannon Wang1, Claire Osei2, Alon Rabinovich3, Dimitrios Ntarlagiannis3 and Ashaki Rouff3, (1)Rice University, Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Houston, TX, United States, (2)Essex County College, Newark, NJ, United States, (3)Rutgers University Newark, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Newark, NJ, United States
Sydney C Clark1, Rebecca Ryals2, David J Miller3, Charles A. Mullen4, Da Pan5, Mark A Zondlo5, Akwasi A Boateng4 and Meredith Galanter Hastings6, (1)Brown University, Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Providence, RI, United States, (2)University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United States, (3)Brown University, Providence, RI, United States, (4)USDA - ARS, Sustainable Biofuels and Co-Products Research, Wyndmoor, PA, United States, (5)Princeton University, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States, (6)Brown Univ-Geological Sciences, Providence, RI, United States
Nigel Gale, Muhammad Abdul Halim and Sean C Thomas, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Panagiotis Kirmizakis1, Rory Doherty1, Carlos Alberto Mendonça2, Ricardo Costeira3, Chris Allen4 and Leonid Kulakov4, (1)Queen's University Belfast, School of Natural and Built Environment, Belfast, United Kingdom, (2)IAG Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences, Sao Paulo, Brazil, (3)Queens University Belfast, School of Biological Sciences, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, (4)Queen's University Belfast, School of Biological Sciences, Belfast, United Kingdom
Siddhartha Mitra, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, United States, Caroline Webb, East Carolina University, Geological Sciences, Greenville, NC, United States, Andrew R Zimmerman, University of Florida, Department of Geological Sciences, Gainesville, FL, United States, Kyle Wyman Bostick, University of Florida, Geological Sciences, Gainesville, FL, United States, Andrew S Wozniak, University of Delaware, Lewes, DE, United States and Patrick Hatcher, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, United States
Kyle Thompson1, Sherri M Cook2 and R Scott Summers2, (1)University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States
Erika Foster, Fort Collins, United States, Emily J Fogle, California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, San Luis Obispo, CA, United States and M Francesca Cotrufo, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Cesar Lopez, Texas A&M University Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, United States and Omar M Al-Qudah, Lincoln University, Center of Nanotechnology and Cooperative Research, Lincoln, New Zealand