A pan-arctic synthesis of nongrowing season respiration: Key drivers and responses to a changing climate


Susan Natali1, Jennifer Watts2, Brendan M Rogers3, Stefano Potter4, Benjamin Abbott5, Kyle Andreas Arndt6, Leah Birch1, Mats P Bjorkman7, A. Anthony Bloom8, Gerardo Celis9, Casper Christiansen10, Roisin Commane11, Elisabeth Cooper12, Patrick M Crill13, Claudia I Czimczik14, Sergey P Davydov15, Jinyang Du16, Jocelyn E Egan17, Bo Elberling18, Eugenie Susanne Euskirchen19, Thomas Friborg18, Genet Helene20, Mathias Goeckede21, Jordan P Goodrich22, Paul Grogan23, Manuel Helbig24, Elchin Jafarov25, Julie D Jastrow26, Aram A M Kalhori27, Yongwon Kim28, John S Kimball29, Lars Kutzbach30, Mark J Lara19, Klaus S Larsen31, Michael M Loranty32, Sarah Ludwig2, Magnus Lund33, Massimo Lupascu34, Jack W Mcfarland35, Anthony David McGuire28, Anders Michelsen36, Christina Minions37, Walter C Oechel38, David Olefeldt39, Frans-Jan W Parmentier40, Norbert Pirk41, William L Quinton42, Fereidoun Rezanezhad43, Torsten Sachs44, Kevin M Schaefer45, Joshua Schimel46, Niels Martin Schmidt47, Edward Schuur48, Anne-Katrin Selbmann49, Philipp R. Semenchuk50, Gaius R Shaver51, Oliver Sonnentag52, Gregory Starr53, Paddy Sullivan54, Claire C Treat55, Mark P Waldrop56, Yihui Wang57, Jeffrey M Welker58, Christian Wille59, Xiaofeng Xu60, Zhen Zhang61, Qianlai Zhuang62, Donatella Zona27, Nima Madani63, Avni Malhotra64, Benjamin Poulter65 and David A Risk66, (1)Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA, United States, (2)Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, United States, (3)University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States, (4)Pocasset, MA, United States, (5)Brigham Young University, Department of Plant and Wildlife Science, Provo, United States, (6)Washington, DC, United States, (7)Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway, (8)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (9)University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States, (10)Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway, (11)Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States, (12)University of Tromsø, Arctic and Marine Biology, Tromsø, Norway, (13)Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, (14)Univ of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States, (15)Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Pacific Institute of Geography, North-East Science Station, Cherskii, Russia, (16)University of Montana, Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group, Missoula, MT, United States, (17)Dalhousie University, Earth Sciences, Halifax, NS, Canada, (18)University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, (19)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (20)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Arctic Biology, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (21)MPI Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany, (22)University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand, (23)Queen's University, Biology, Kingston, ON, Canada, (24)McMaster University, School of Geography and Earth Science, Hamilton, ON, Canada, (25)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Computational Earth Sciences, Los Alamos, NM, United States, (26)Argonne National Laboratory, Environmental Science Division, Argonne, IL, United States, (27)San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States, (28)Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (29)The University of Montana, Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group, W.A. Franke College of Forestry & Conservation, Missoula, MT, United States, (30)Universität Hamburg, Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability, Institute of Soil Science, Hamburg, Germany, (31)DTU kemiteknik, Lyngby, Denmark, (32)Colgate University, Geography, Hamilton, NY, United States, (33)Aarhus University, Arctic Research Center, Aarhus C, Denmark, (34)National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (35)US Department of Interior, Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, United States, (36)Copenhagen University, Department of Biology, Copenhagen, Denmark, (37)St. Francis Xavier University, Earth Science, Antigonish, NS, Canada, (38)San Diego State University, Global Change Research Group, San Diego, CA, United States, (39)University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, (40)Arctic Research Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark, (41)University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, (42)Wilfrid Laurier University, Geography and Environmental Studies, Waterloo, ON, Canada, (43)University of Waterloo, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Waterloo, ON, Canada, (44)GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany, (45)National Snow and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A, Boulder, CO, United States, (46)University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (47)Williamsburg, VA, United States, (48)Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States, (49)Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States, (50)University of Vienna, Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, Vienna, Austria, (51)Marine Bio Lab, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (52)Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, (53)University of Alabama, Tucaloosa, AL, United States, (54)University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK, United States, (55)University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, United States, (56)US Geological Survey, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Menlo Park, CA, United States, (57)San Diego State University, Biology, San Diego, CA, United States, (58)University of Alaska Anchorage, Department of Biological Sciences, Anchorage, AK, United States, (59)Universität Hamburg, Institute of Soil Science, Hamburg, Germany, (60)San Diego State University, Department of Biological Sciences, San Diego, CA, United States, (61)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (62)Purdue University, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, West Lafayette, IN, United States, (63)University of Montana, Missoula, MT, United States, (64)McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, (65)Montana State University, Institute on Ecosystems and the Department of Ecology, Bozeman, MT, United States, (66)St. Francis Xavier University, Department of Earth Sciences, Antigonish, NS, Canada