Fostering schools to teaching children about climate change.

Lennin Florez, Universidad de Antioquia, Oceanografía, Medellin, Colombia
Global warming is defined as an increase in combined surface air and sea surface temperatures averaged over the globe and over a 30-year period, while climate change can mean human-caused changes or natural. However, knowing the theory of climate change is a challenge for many nations. Today, in a globalized world requires new challenges of how higher education should be directed not only to the training of professionals of high academic quality but it also urges the need to form new ways of understanding our climate and environment. We worked with communities in rural areas affected by the war in Colombia. The communities with which we worked were chosen based on the following reasons: 1) Ethnicity, geography, freshwater and marine habitat dependencies, communities hit by the armed conflict, neglected areas by the national government, high population of children, school with environmental focus, low educational level, projects associated with marine ecosystems (e.g mangrove). Our work focused on community work with the population near the Atrato river, Colombia (South America). We carry out environmental education emphasizing the study of climate change. For this, we divide the methodological phase into several axes for the integrated study of the environment. 1- Environmental monitoring (oceans and environment), Application of environmental technology, Courses/ training workshops about climate change. We found that more 50% the community (between students and adults) recognizes some causes, consequences and responsible for climate change. However, they slightly recognize the effects on their surrounding environment.