A Decade of Net Community Production in the North Pacific from Biogeochemical Profiling Floats

Andrea J Fassbender1, William Haskell2, Jacqueline Long3, Josh N Plant4, Kenneth S Johnson1, Sophia Johannessen5 and Stephen Riser6, (1)Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, United States, (2)University of California Santa Barbara, Marine Science Institute, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (3)University of South Florida, College of Marine Science, St. Petersburg, United States, (4)Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, United States, (5)Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada, (6)University of Washington, School of Oceanography, Seattle, United States
Over the last decade, an emerging network of autonomous profiling floats equipped with biogeochemical sensors (BGC Argo) has enabled in situ observations of basin-scale biogeochemical processes. In the Northeast Pacific, six floats have been reporting measurements since 2008 in the vicinity of the Ocean Station Papa mooring. In this study, we present rates of Net Community Production (NCP), an analog of carbon export, over seasonal-to-annual timescales calculated from budgets of nitrate, oxygen, dissolved inorganic carbon, and total alkalinity based on float and mooring observations, and the use of global carbonate system algorithms. With multiple geochemical budgets, we are able to deconstruct the estimates of NCP into pools of particulate and dissolved organic carbon, and estimate particulate inorganic carbon production by calcifying organisms. By extending the budgets downward in the water column, we are able to estimate export across various depth horizons and evaluate the accuracy of satellite-based carbon export algorithms over the same time period. In collaboration with the NASA EXPORTS program, we are using the historical float dataset to frame the September 2018 North Pacific field campaign within the context of regional biogeochemistry over the last ~10 years. Further, we have deployed two new BGC Argo floats equipped with additional pH sensors for continued observation over the next ~5 years. We will summarize findings from the compiled decadal dataset and discuss observational opportunities made possible by ‘fully-loaded’ biogeochemical profiling floats.