Pre-Industrial Spin-Up of Dissolved Oxygen in the NASA GISS Model E2.1, with Emphasis on the Major ODZs.
In this poster, we present the pre-industrial (750 yr) spin-up of dissolved oxygen in simulations of the NASA GISS modelE2.1, a coupled atmosphere-ocean model with 1o x1.25o resolution for the ocean. In this model, the O2 dynamics are driven by air-sea gas exchange, photosynthetic production, detrital degradation, autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration, and bacterial degradation of dissolved organic carbon. Due to the spin-up of the model being relatively short (<1000 yrs), we restrict our comparison of the model O2 field to GLODAPv2 and WOA2013 climatologies in the upper ocean (top 500 m). The model skill for the upper ocean is generally high (RMSE_GLODAP = 0.021, RMSE_WOA2013 = 0.022; compared to the average upper ocean O2 concentration of 0.232 mmol/kg). There is regional variability in the ability of the model to fit these climatologies, e.g. the model performs better in the north Atlantic (RMSE_GLODAP = 0.018, RMSE_WOA2013 = 0.019) than in the north Pacific (RMSE_GLODAP = 0.021, RMSE_WOA2013 = 0.026). Focusing on the ODZs, the model is able to reproduce the general structure of the equatorial pacific ODZ, contained between 100-500 m in the tropical South Pacific and 100-1000 m in the tropical North Pacific in both the model and in observations, although their lateral extent is smaller than those observed. On the other hand, the model Arabian OMZ is constrained to a very narrow depth range between 350-700 m, compared to that observed in GLODAPv2 of 100-1000 m. Work is ongoing to determine the leading cause of the of the ODZ volume biases in both regions.