AI34B:
Wave Breaking in Ocean-Atmosphere Exchanges II Posters

Session ID#: 84579

Session Description:
Waves and wave breaking at the surface of the ocean strongly modulate fluxes between the ocean and atmosphere, entraining bubbles, ejecting spray, and exchanging momentum with the turbulent atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers. Entrained bubbles strongly impact gas transfer, while sea spray can be transported into the atmosphere, where it affects the heat, moisture and momentum fluxes, influencing physical and biological processes. Waves and wave breaking also participate in horizontal mass transport, affecting sea ice, currents, upper ocean processes such as Langmuir turbulence as well as the drift of pollutant and plastic. These processes cover a wide range of scales, from micrometric drops and bubbles to large scale wave swell. The development of coupled wave-ocean models requires the development of physics based parameterization that explicitly consider the role of wave variability. This session aims to consolidate our understanding of the role of waves and wave breaking in modulating fluxes at the ocean-atmosphere interface. We welcome contributions on processes that control the mass and momentum exchanges from a variety of approaches, including field work, laboratory experiments and numerical simulations. Presentations on how the understanding of such small-scale processes can be used by remote sensing techniques or represented in parameterizations (to be used in larger scale ocean modeling) is highly encouraged.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • OM - Ocean Modeling
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller
Index Terms:

4273 Physical and biogeochemical interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4504 Air/sea interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4560 Surface waves and tides [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4568 Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
Primary Chair:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
Co-chairs:  Nicholas Pizzo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, Ana Beatriz Villas Boas, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States and Fabrice Veron, University of Delaware, School of Marine Science and Policy, Newark, DE, United States
Primary Liaison:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
Moderators:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States and Ana Beatriz Villas Boas, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States
Student Paper Review Liaisons:  Nicholas Pizzo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States and Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

 
An Eulerian model for sea spray transport and evaporation (652924)
Fabrice Veron, University of Delaware, School of Marine Science and Policy, Newark, DE, United States and Luc Mieussens, University of Bordeaux, IMB, Talence, France
 
Bubble and droplet size distributions in breaking waves (646101)
Wouter Mostert, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, United States, Stephane Popinet, University Pierre and Marie Curie Paris VI, Institut Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Paris, France and Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
 
Bubble Entrainment and Distributions under Breaking Waves (636609)
Qiang Gao, St. Anthony Falls Laboratory & University of Minnesota, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Minneapolis, MN, United States, Grant B Deane, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States and Lian Shen, St. Anthony Falls Laboratory & University of Minnesota, MN, United States
 
Combining laboratory experiments and ocean observations of breaking waves to estimate whitecap coverage with a spectral wave model (653417)
Adrian H Callaghan, Imperial College London, Civil and Environmental Engineering, London, United Kingdom and Jean Biblot, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom
 
Estimating Bubble Plume Dynamics in Breaking Waves using the Thermal Signature of the Residual Foam (655465)
Naeem Masnadi, Chris Chickadel and Andy T Jessup, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
 
Lagrangian transport by breaking deep-water surface waves (651938)
Nicholas Pizzo1, Luc Deike2, Luc Lenain1 and Wallace Kendall Melville3, (1)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States, (3)Univ California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States
 
Measurement method of the wind stress at high wind speeds in laboratory experiments (644656)
Temma Onishi1, Naohisa Takagaki2 and Naoya Suzuki1, (1)Kindai University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Osaka, Japan, (2)University of Hyogo, Himeji 671-2280, Japan
 
Measuring and predicting sea floor pressure waves (Longuet-Higgins) (656113)
Jennifer Ayers, Ken Richter and Pei-Fang Wang, Naval Information Warfare Center (NIWC) Pacific, Energy and Environmental Sciences, San Diego, CA, United States
 
Modulation of sea surface roughness by oceanic fronts: The observed quadripolar principle (656092)
Nicolas Rascle, Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education at Ensenada, Ensenada, Mexico, Bertrand Chapron, IFREMER, Univ. Brest, CNRS, IRD, Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale, Brest, France, Frederic Nouguier, Universite de de Toulon, CNRS/INSU, IRD, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), Toulon, France, Fabrice Collard, Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States and Francisco J Ocampo-Torres, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada, Ensenada, BJ, Mexico
 
Momentum flux budget across the air-water interface under strongly forced wind conditions (651704)
Kianoosh Yousefi1, Fabrice Veron1 and Marc P Buckley2, (1)University of Delaware, School of Marine Science and Policy, Newark, DE, United States, (2)Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
 
Open Ocean Swell Dispersion from Moving Wind Fetches (648168)
Momme Claus Hell1, Alex Ayet2, Bertrand Chapron2, Sarah T Gille3 and Laure Baratgin4, (1)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)IFREMER, Univ. Brest, CNRS, IRD, Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale, Brest, France, (3)UCSD, La Jolla, CA, United States, (4)Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau Cedex, France
 
Parameterizing Thermodynamic Feedback of Sea Spray at the Air-Sea Interface: A small-scale perspective via Direct Numerical Simulations (649496)
Tianze Peng, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, United States and David H Richter, University of Notre Dame, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, Notre Dame, IN, United States
 
Sea Spray Generation by Collective Bubble Bursting (644189)
Baptiste Néel, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, United States and Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
 
Stereo Video Observations of Breaking Waves in Storm Conditions (647313)
Mika Malila, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seattle, United States; University of Bergen, Geophysical Institute, Bergen, ARRAY(0xc4c6244), Norway, Jim Thomson, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, Oyvind Breivik, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Bergen, Norway, Brian Scanlon, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, Brian Ward, National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG), School of Physics, Galway, Ireland, Alvise Benetazzo, CNR-ISMAR, Italy and Filippo Bergamasco, DAIS, Università Ca’ Foscari, Venice, Italy
 
Suppression of CO2 efflux by gas bubbles under a hurricane (654035)
Junhong Liang, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, United States, Eric A D'Asaro, Applied Physics Lab, Univ of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, Craig L McNeil, Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, United States, Yalin Fan, US Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, LA, United States, Ramsey R Harcourt, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, Bo Yang, University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, Charlottesville, VA, United States, Steven R Emerson, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Seattle, WA, United States and Peter P Sullivan, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Mesoscale Microscale Meteorology, Boulder, CO, United States
 
Surface Tension Measurements of Seawater and its Organic Components (644906)
Hannah Valentine, San Diego State University, San Diego, United States and Emma McMahon, Princeton University, Princeton, United States
 
The Seasonal Cycle of Significant Wave Height: Local vs. Remote Forcing (641741)
Luke Colosi, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, Ana Beatriz Villas Boas, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States and Sarah T Gille, UCSD, La Jolla, CA, United States
 
Typhoon observations from the surface buoys in the western North Pacific subtropical ocean (649834)
Kai-Fu Chang1, Y. J. Yang2, Ming-Huei Chang2, Sen Jan2 and Chien-Yi Yang3, (1)Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, (2)National Taiwan University, Institute of Oceanography, Taipei, Taiwan, (3)National Taiwan University, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan
 
West Coast Model-Observation Biases of Remotely-Forced Swell (653745)
Allison Ho1, Sophia Merrifield1, Eric Terrill1, James Behrens1, Robert E Jensen2 and Ty Hesser3, (1)University of California San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal & Hydraulics Laboratory, Vicksburg, United States, (3)US Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Vicksburg, United States