ME13A:
Ecosystem Impacts and Ecosystem Services of Aquaculture I

Session ID#: 93059

Session Description:
Aquaculture production is growing exponentially as global population increases even while fisheries landings stagnate. Large scale aquaculture has the potential for both negative and positive effects on coastal ecosystems. Aquaculture of seaweeds and shellfish, has been suggested to be a productive method of bioremediation of nutrient pollution and local ocean acidification. Integrated Multi-Trophic aquaculture (IMTA) attempts to use ecosystem-like flows to produce food, reducing negative environmental impacts attributed to intensive fin fish aquaculture. The addition of large populations of single or multiple cultured species and the associated infrastructure to coastal ecosystems potentially effects wild species, nutrient cycles, flow and habitat of other species in coastal ecosystems. For this session, we invite presentations on any aspect of ecosystem services or ecosystem impacts of coastal aquaculture. The session topic is directly relevant to UN Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and Sustainably Use the Oceans, Seas and Marine Resources. We expect the session will be an opportunity to share research addressing the direct and indirect ecosystem effects of aquaculture with the view toward increasing sustainability of natural and aquaculture systems.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • OB - Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry
  • OC - Ocean Change: Acidification and Hypoxia
  • SI - Social-Ocean Science Interactions and SDGs
Index Terms:

4251 Marine pollution [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4815 Ecosystems, structure, dynamics, and modeling [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
4817 Food webs, structure, and dynamics [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
6339 System design [POLICY SCIENCES & PUBLIC ISSUES]
Primary Chair:  Janet Kubler, California State University, Northridge, Biology, Northridge, CA, United States
Co-Chair:  Charles Yarish, University of Connecticut, Stamford, CT, United States
Primary Liaison:  Janet Kubler, California State University at Northridge, Biology, Northridge, CA, United States
Moderators:  Janet Kubler, California State University at Northridge, Biology, Northridge, CA, United States and Charles Yarish, University of Connecticut, Stamford, CT, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Steven R Dudgeon, California State University at Northridge, Biology, Northridge, CA, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

A Modeling Platform to Evaluate Offshore Macroalgal Farming (643906)
Christina Frieder1, Kristen A Davis2, Marcelo Chamecki3, James C. McWilliams4, Martha Sutula5, Raphael Martin Kudela6, Javier Infante7, Chao Yan4, Faycal Kessouri5, Daniel Dauhajre8 and Meredith L McPHERSON9, (1)University of California Irvine, Irvine, United States, (2)University of California Irvine, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Irvine, CA, United States, (3)University of California Los Angeles, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (4)University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (5)Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, Costa Mesa, CA, United States, (6)University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States, (7)Patagonia Seaweeds, Santa Barbara, Chile, (8)University of California, Los Angeles, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (9)University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States
Deposition of Detritus From Near- and Offshore Kelp Farms as a Contribution to CO2 Sequestration Deposition of Detritus From Near- and Offshore Kelp Farms as a Contribution to CO2 Sequestration (654834)
Ole Jacob Broch1, Ingrid Ellingsen1 and Kasper Hancke2, (1)SINTEF Ocean, Trondheim, Norway, (2)NIVA - Norwegian Institute of Water Research, Oslo, Norway
Assessing Ecosystem Services of Oyster Culture in Hiroshima Bay; Result of Prey-predator Numerical Model (642999)
Wahyudin Wahyudin and Tamiji Yamamoto, Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
Negative Impact of Kelp Crab on Released Juvenile Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (637737)
Nobuharu Inaba1, Rumiko Kajihara1, Hiroshi Kawai1, Masami Ohashi2, Yuji Anaguchi3 and Kaoru Ishii1, (1)Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Region, Public Works Research Institute, Sapporo, Japan, (2)Tokai University, School of Biological Science, Sapporo, Japan, (3)Ocean Construction Co., Ltd., Kurashiki, Japan
Environmental Controls on Withering Syndrome in Abalone: A Modeling Study (651385)
Eileen E Hofmann1, Carolyn S Friedman2, Eric Powell3, John Michael Klinck II4, Melissa Neuman5, James Moore6, Ian Taniguchi7, David Kushner8, C. Melissa Miner9, Kathleen Hemeon3, Leanne Poussard3 and Laura Solinger3, (1)Old Dominion University, Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, Norfolk, VA, United States, (2)University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, (3)University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Coastal Sciences, Ocean Springs, MS, United States, (4)Old Dominion University, Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, Norfolk, United States, (5)NOAA/NMFS Protected Resources Division, Long Beach, CA, United States, (6)California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Bodega Marine Laboratory, UC Davis-Bodega Bay, CA, United States, (7)California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Los Alamitos, CA, United States, (8)National Park Service, Channel Islands National Park, Ventura, CA, United States, (9)University of California Santa Cruz, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Santa Cruz, CA, United States
Environmental effects of mussel farming in the Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand: A coupled physical-biogeochemical modelling approach. (649735)
Charine Collins, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand