Fluxes and Physical Processes Near the Air-Sea Interface: Observations and Modeling (Cosponsored by the AMS Committee on Air-Sea Interaction) II

Session ID#: 93395

Session Description:
The physical coupling between atmosphere and ocean helps to drive a myriad of processes such as wind-wave growth and the fluxes of momentum, heat, and mass across the air-sea interface. Challenges remain in understanding the nature of the air-sea interface in extreme conditions and along coastal margins, as well as characterizing the link between large- and small-scale processes.  Understanding these phenomena hinges on properly characterizing the physical coupling between air and water across the surface and the turbulent variability in the boundary layers on both sides of the interface. Advances in the spatial and temporal resolution and coverage of in situ observations, modeling, and satellite/airborne remote sensing have greatly improved the ability to characterize various surface processes over large stretches of oceanic area. This session invites contributions that expand our understanding of the mechanisms coupling the ocean-atmosphere system; submissions from observations, experiments, and/or modeling are encouraged. Presentations of novel techniques, methods, and/or venues for air-sea interaction study are highly encouraged. The Chairs hope that this session provides a forum for discussions on the physics of air-sea interaction, with input from an array of technical backgrounds and perspectives. This session is co-sponsored by the American Meteorological Society’s Committee on Air-Sea Interaction.
  • CP - Coastal and Estuarine Processes
  • IS - Ocean Observatories, Instrumentation and Sensing Technologies
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller
Index Terms:

4504 Air/sea interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4560 Surface waves and tides [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4568 Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4594 Instruments and techniques [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
Primary Chair:  Prof. Nathan Laxague, Ph.D., Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, United States
Co-chairs:  Melanie R Fewings, Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States, David G Ortiz-Suslow, Naval Postgraduate School, Department of Meteorology, Monterey, CA, United States and Damien B Josset, Naval Research Laboratory, Ocean Siences Division, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States
Primary Liaison:  Prof. Nathan Laxague, Ph.D., RSMAS, Miami, United States
Moderators:  Damien B Josset, Naval Research Laboratory, Ocean Siences Division, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, Melanie R Fewings, Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States and Michael S Twardowski, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Ft. Pierce, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Melanie R Fewings, Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

The Growing Awareness of the Various Roles Bubbles Play in Air-Sea Exchange (648217)
Edward C Monahan, University of Connecticut, Marine Sciences, Groton, CT, United States, Penny Vlahos, University of Connecticut, Marine Sciences, Groton, United States and Allison Staniec, University of Connecticut, Groton, CT, United States
Unpicking the details of deep bubble plumes in stormy conditions: bubble populations and plume spatial distributions measured in the North Atlantic during the HiWINGS expedition. (642150)
Helen Czerski, University College London, London, United Kingdom, Adrian Matei, University College London, United Kingdom, Steve Gunn, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, Ian M Brooks, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom and Raied Al-Lashi, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Entrained bubble populations and their influence on the turbulence, dissipation, and stress beneath breaking and non-breaking waves (647510)
Andrew Wyatt Smith, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States, Brian K Haus, University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine, Atmospheric, and Earth Science, Miami, FL, United States and Rachel Stanley, Wellesley College, Wellesley, United States
Modeling the effects of sea spray on surface wind stress under hurricane conditions (652531)
Renee Richardson, Florida State University, Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science, Tallahassee, FL, United States, Mark A Bourassa, Florida State Univ, Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Tallahassee, United States and Steven L Morey, Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, Distinguished Research Scientists, NOAA Center for Coastal and Marine Ecosystems, and Professor, Tallahassee, United States
Turbulent transport of spray droplets in the vicinity of moving surface waves (651926)
David H Richter, University of Notre Dame, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, Notre Dame, IN, United States, Anne Dempsey, University of Notre Dame, Civil & Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, United States and Peter P Sullivan, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Mesoscale Microscale Meteorology, Boulder, CO, United States
Effects of Sea Spray on Air-Sea Fluxes and the Wave Boundary Layer in High Winds (656883)
Benjamin Witten Barr, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Department of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole, United States and Shuyi Chen, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Atmospheric Sciences, Seattle, Washington, United States
An experimental study of the effects of wind on spray droplets generated by raindrop impact onto water surface (646800)
Xinan Liu, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, Chang Liu, Ghent University, CAVELab - Computational and Applied Vegetation Ecology, Gent, Belgium and James H Duncan, University of Maryland College Park, Mechanical Engineering, College Park, MD, United States
Air-Sea interaction of methane and nitrous oxide in shallow brackish inshore waters of the Baltic Sea (638860)
Maysoon Lundevall Zara, Stockholm University, Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden and Volker Brüchert, Stockholm University, Geological Sciences and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm, Sweden