AI41A:
Fluxes and Physical Processes Near the Air-Sea Interface: Observations and Modeling (Cosponsored by the AMS Committee on Air-Sea Interaction) III

Session ID#: 93399

Session Description:
The physical coupling between atmosphere and ocean helps to drive a myriad of processes such as wind-wave growth and the fluxes of momentum, heat, and mass across the air-sea interface. Challenges remain in understanding the nature of the air-sea interface in extreme conditions and along coastal margins, as well as characterizing the link between large- and small-scale processes.  Understanding these phenomena hinges on properly characterizing the physical coupling between air and water across the surface and the turbulent variability in the boundary layers on both sides of the interface. Advances in the spatial and temporal resolution and coverage of in situ observations, modeling, and satellite/airborne remote sensing have greatly improved the ability to characterize various surface processes over large stretches of oceanic area. This session invites contributions that expand our understanding of the mechanisms coupling the ocean-atmosphere system; submissions from observations, experiments, and/or modeling are encouraged. Presentations of novel techniques, methods, and/or venues for air-sea interaction study are highly encouraged. The Chairs hope that this session provides a forum for discussions on the physics of air-sea interaction, with input from an array of technical backgrounds and perspectives. This session is co-sponsored by the American Meteorological Society’s Committee on Air-Sea Interaction.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • CP - Coastal and Estuarine Processes
  • IS - Ocean Observatories, Instrumentation and Sensing Technologies
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller
Index Terms:

4504 Air/sea interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4560 Surface waves and tides [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4568 Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4594 Instruments and techniques [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
Primary Chair:  Nathan Laxague, Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States
Co-chairs:  Melanie R Fewings, Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States, David G Ortiz-Suslow, Naval Postgraduate School, Department of Meteorology, Monterey, CA, United States and Damien B Josset, Naval Research Laboratory, Ocean Siences Division, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States
Primary Liaison:  Nathan Laxague, RSMAS, Miami, FL, United States
Moderators:  Damien B Josset, Naval Research Laboratory, Ocean Siences Division, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, David G Ortiz-Suslow, Naval Postgraduate School, Department of Meteorology, Monterey, CA, United States and Helen Czerski, Missoula, CO, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Damien B Josset, Naval Research Laboratory, Ocean Siences Division, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Meridional contrasts of the Southern Ocean mixed layer in response to summer forcing (651213)
Marcel du Plessis, University of Cape Town, Department of Oceanography, Cape Town, South Africa, Sebastiaan Swart, University of Gothenburg, Department of Marine Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden, Andrew F Thompson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United States, Pedro M. S. Monteiro, CSIR, Cape Town, South Africa, Louise C Biddle, University of Gothenburg, Department of Marine Science, Gothenburg, Sweden and Sarah-Anne Nicholson, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Cape Town, South Africa
Laboratory measurements of ocean surface drag in extreme wind and wave conditions (646263)
Brian K Haus, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States and Milan Curcic, University of Miami - RSMAS, Department of Ocean Sciences, Miami, FL, United States
Noble Gas Fluxes Reveal Links Between Air-sea Gas Exchange, Bubbles, and the Structure of the Air-sea Interface at High Wind Speeds (652964)
Rachel HR Stanley1, Lumi Kinjo2, Andrew Wyatt Smith3, Helene Rachel Alt4, Callan Frances Nichole Krevanko4, Danielle Aldrett5, Emily B Kopp4 and Brian K Haus6, (1)Wellesley College, Chemistry, Wellesley, MA, United States, (2)Wellesley College, Chemistry, Wellesley, United States, (3)University of Miami, RSMAS, Miami, FL, United States, (4)Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, United States, (5)Wellesley College, Wellesley, United States, (6)University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States
Wave-generated Turbulence in the Coastal Ocean During Passage of a Tropical Cyclone (637279)
Ann Gargett, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, Canada and Dana K Savidge, Skidaway Inst Oceanography, Savannah, GA, United States
Modeling whitecaps on global scale (645732)
Aishwarya Raman, Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, MD, United States; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, GMAO, Greenbelt, MD, United States and Anton Darmenov, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, Greenbelt, MD, United States
A two-layer model of whitecap spectral reflectance (652858)
Robert J Frouin1, Bertrand Fougnie2 and Jing Tan1, (1)University of California San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany
Spectral Energy Budget Analysis in the Frequency Domain (655836)
Paige Martin, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, Brian K Arbic, University of Michigan, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, Andrew M Hogg, Australian National University, Research School of Earth Sciences, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Andrew E Kiss, University of New South Wales Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia and Jeff Blundell, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton, United Kingdom
Salt-induced convection in warm wakes (652251)
Cátia Azevedo, Dom Luiz Institute, Oceanic Observatory of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal, Carolina Camargo, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Department Estuarine and Delta Systems, Netherlands, Jose Alves, Dom Luiz Institute, Oceanic Observatory of Madeira, Portugal and Rui Caldeira, ARDITI - Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação, Oceanic Observatory of Madeira, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal