OM12A:
Advances in Coupled Physical-Biogeochemical Modeling: Continental Shelves, Estuaries, and the Coastal Ocean II

Session ID#: 93513

Session Description:
The coastal ocean is a dynamic, complex region where multi-scale processes interact and create conditions suitable for rich ecosystems. Furthermore, the coastal ocean is substantially impacted by both climate change (e.g., alterations to temperature, freshwater discharge, sea level) and the direct impact of human activities (e.g. fishing, aquaculture, watershed nutrient and carbon inputs). Since global and regional ocean models usually lack the necessary spatial resolution to fully represent many of the processes occurring nearshore, there is a need for high-resolution coastal models. These models can be used to understand physical and biogeochemical variability associated with shallow, nearshore environments, including sediment-water exchange, benthic primary production, and complex shorelines and bathymetry. This complexity within coastal regions, both in terms of geography and physical and biogeochemical dynamics, makes these modeling exercises challenging, region-specific, and applicable to a host of fundamental and applied questions. Nevertheless, commonalities can be drawn among different regions and models, such that the modeling community can benefit immensely by sharing experiences and results. Therefore, we call for contributions on coupled physical-biogeochemical models of different coastal regions, from estuaries and near-shore environments to enclosed seas and continental shelves. Our goal is to provide a forum to discuss and learn from the challenges faced in different geographic regions and with different model architectures.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • CP - Coastal and Estuarine Processes
  • OB - Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry
Index Terms:

4217 Coastal processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4235 Estuarine processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4255 Numerical modeling [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4805 Biogeochemical cycles, processes, and modeling [OCEANOGRAPHY: CHEMICAL]
Primary Chair:  Laura Bianucci, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada
Co-Chair:  Jeremy M Testa, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, MD, United States
Primary Liaison:  Laura Bianucci, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada
Moderators:  Jeremy M Testa, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, MD, United States and Chunqi Shen, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, MD, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Jeremy M Testa, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, MD, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Ecoregions in the Mediterranean Sea through the reanalysis of phytoplankton functional types and carbon fluxes (650535)
Stefano Ciavatta1, Susan Kay2, Robert J W Brewin3,4, Rachel Cox5, Annalisa Di Cicco6, Francesco Nencioli3, Luca Polimene7, Michela Sammartino8, Rosalia Santoleri9, Jozef Skakala3 and Manolis Tsapakis10, (1)Plymouth Marine Laboratory / National Centre for Earth Observation, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (2)Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, PL1, United Kingdom, (3)Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (4)College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Penryn, United Kingdom, (5)AquaBioTech Group, Mosta, Malta, (6)CNR-ISMAR, Rome, Italy, (7)Plymouth Marine Laboratory, MEMP, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (8)CNR Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Rome, Italy, (9)CNR – Istituto di Scienze Marine, Rome, Italy, (10)HCMR – Institute of Oceanography, Greece
Can pCO2 observation help constrain predator-prey interactions in a biological model? (641824)
Krysten Elizabeth Rutherford1, Katja Fennel2, Arnaud Laurent3 and Helmuth Thomas3, (1)Dalhousie University, Oceanography, Halifax, NS, Canada, (2)Dalhousie University, Department of Oceanography, Halifax, NS, Canada, (3)Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A modeling study of the initiation of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in an estuary-subestuary system (656572)
Qubin Qin and Jian Shen, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, VA, United States
Biogeochemical simulation of San Francisco Bay using an unstructured-grid model (643928)
Zhengui Wang, University of Maine, Orono, ME, United States, Fei Chai, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Hangzhou, China and Huijie Xue, University of Maine, United States
Controls of High Silicic Acid in a Semi-enclosed Coastal Sea: Inferences from a Coupled Physical-Biological Ocean Model and Data (656436)
Elise Olson1, Susan Allen1, Debby Ianson2, Roger Francois3 and Doug Latornell4, (1)University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, (2)Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada,, Sidney, BC, Canada, (3)University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, (4)UBC, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Modeling the Florida Bay Ecosystem Using a Coupled Physical-Biogeochemical-Seagrass Model (655416)
Tongtong Liu, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China, Zhongping Lee, Unv. Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, United States, Shaoling Shang, Xiamen Univ, Fujian Xiamen, China, Tarandeep Singh Kalra, Jupiter Intelligence, New York, United States, Christopher J Madden, South Florida Water Management District, Coastal Ecosystems Division, West Palm Beach, FL, United States, Bradley T Furman, Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute, St. Petersburg, FL, United States and Mingshun Jiang, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, United States
Influence of River Inputs and Diurnal Sea Breeze on the Tidal Inlet Exchanges that control the Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemical Processes of the Mississippi Sound and Bight (650916)
Jeremy David Wiggert1, Courtney Bouchard1, Michael S Dinniman2, Mustafa Kemal Cambazoglu3, Patrick J Fitzpatrick4, Brandy N Armstrong5 and Eileen E Hofmann2, (1)University of Southern Mississippi, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, (2)Old Dominion University, Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, Norfolk, VA, United States, (3)The University of Southern Mississippi, School of Ocean Science and Engineering, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, (4)Mississippi State University, Geosystems Research Institute, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States, (5)USGS, Falmouth, MA, United States
Modelling the Impact of Macronutrients on the Eutrophication Status of Small Estuaries (651593)
Rebecca Huggett, Duncan A Purdie and Ivan David Haigh, University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton, United Kingdom
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