Two-Point Observations of High- and Low-Frequency Variations of Helium Abundance in the Solar Win

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Jana Safrankova1, Petr Cagas1, Zdenek Nemecek1, Lubomir Prech1, Georgy N Zastenker2 and Maria Riazantseva2,3, (1)Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic, (2)Inst Space Research, Moscow, Russia, (3)Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Variations of the abundance of heavy species observed in the solar wind are usually attributed to spacecraft encounters with streams emanating from different places and altitudes in the source region and their further evolution is considered as being negligible. These conclusions are based on an analysis of highly averaged data and much less attention was devoted to variations on the time scale of seconds. The BMSW instrument onboard the Spektr-R spacecraft provides a high-time resolution data of the helium and proton fluxes and proton velocity, density, and temperature that suitable for investigations of rapid variations. The paper compares measurements in two points (Spektr-R and Wind) and focuses on the changes of helium abundance on this middle scale and on their correlations with variations of other parameters. We have found that only a low-frequency part of He abundance variations can be attributed to changes of the source region, whereas a significant portion of them could be generated by in-transit turbulence that is probably driven by the speed difference between the ion species.