A Secular Variation Model for Igrf-12 Based on Swarm Data and Inverse Geodynamo Modelling
Abstract:We are proposing a secular variation candidate model for the 12th generation of the international geomagnetic reference field, spanning the years 2015-2020.
The novelty of our approach stands in the initialization of a 5-yr long integration of a numerical model of Earth’s dynamo by means of inverse geodynamo modelling, as introduced by Aubert (GJI, 2014). This inverse technique combines the information coming from the observations (in the form of an instantaneous estimate of the Gauss coefficients for the magnetic field and its secular variation) with that coming from the multivariate statistics of a free run of a numerical model of the geodynamo. The Gauss coefficients and their error covariance properties are determined from Swarm data along the lines detailed by Thébault et al. (EPS, 2010). The numerical model of the geodynamo is the so-called Coupled Earth Dynamo model (Aubert et al., Nature, 2013), whose variability possesses a strong level of similarity with that of the geomagnetic field.
We illustrate and assess the potential of this methodology by applying it to recent time intervals, with an initialization based on CHAMP data, and conclude by presenting our SV candidate, whose initialization is based on the 1st year of Swarm data
This work is supported by the French “Agence Nationale de la Recherche” under the grant ANR-11-BS56-011 (http://avsgeomag.ipgp.fr) and by the CNES.