Global Earth Monitoring Using ALOS-2/Palsar-2: Initial Status of the ALOS-2 Calibration Phase

Monday, 15 December 2014: 5:15 PM
Masanobu Shimada, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Earth Observation Research Center, Kanagawa, Japan
Advanced Land Observation Satellite-2 (ALOS-2) was launched on May 24, 2014, carrying the L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR-2) to the low polar orbit of 628km height with 14-day revisit time. To the four mission objectives, i.e., disaster mitigation, environmental monitoring represented by the forest monitoring and cryospheric monitoring, land monitoring, and technology development, PALSAR-2 and ALOS-2 provides the 1~3m high resolution Spotlight and Strip with multi polarization with an imaging swath of 50km, ScanSAR imaging with 350~490km swath with dual polarizations, shorter temporal baseline of 14 days and spatial baseline of within 1km, shorter time delay of less than 72 hours (74 hours in worst case) for emergency observation request to the disaster area, and almost all of global beam synchronization for ScanSAR Interferometry. ALOS-2 science program initiates the JAXA’s Calibration, Validation, Application researches of the PALSAR-2/ALOS-2 and Pi-SAR-L2. As the application research, the disaster mitigation and the urban area monitoring using the high-resolution data should contribute significantly to the human society since the disasters occur frequently and globally. High resolution and multi polarimetric SAR with the shorter revisit time reserves the quicker detection of the land changes. In this presentation, we will summarize the contents of the ALOS-2 science program, its expected outcomes, and comparative study results with PALSAR.

Some application examples of the disaster mitigation using the recent high resolution SARs, i.e., Pi-SAR-L2 and PALSAR will be also introduced. Kyoto and Carbon Initiative project is the JAXA’s Forest and related Carbon estimation project using the time series PALSAR, PALSAR-2 and ground truth dataset. It was established in 2002 and continued for KC-3 (2011/9~2014/3) and later. Main products that will be used are the forest distribution, forest change, ScanSAR mosaic, high resolution SAR mosaic (time series) and those produced for ALSO and JERS-1. Under the collaboration with 3 international institutes, estimating the forest carbon and its time series, and their relationship with the environmental change will be investigated.