Nitrogen Dioxide Trend Over the United States: The View From the Ground and the View From Space

Friday, 19 December 2014
Lok N Lamsal1, Bryan N Duncan2, Yasuko Yoshida3 and Nickolay Anatoly Krotkov2, (1)Universities Space Research Association Columbia, Columbia, MD, United States, (2)NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) are decreasing over the US due to environmental policies and technological change. We use observations of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide (NO2) columns from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) satellite instrument and surface NO2 in-situ measurements from the air quality system (AQS) to quantify the trends, and to establish the relationship between the trends in tropospheric column and surface concentration. Both observations show substantial downward trends from 2005 to 2013, with an average reduction of 35% according to OMI and 38% according to AQS. The annual reduction rates are largest in 2005-2009: -6.2%/year and -7%/year observed by OMI and AQS, respectively. We examine various factors affecting the estimated trend in OMI NO2 columns and in situ NO2 observations. An improved understanding of trend offers valuable insights about effectiveness of emission reduction regulations at both the state and federal level.