Moho Depth and Crustal Vp/Vs Variation in Marmara Region Obtained by Receiver Functions

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Pinar Buyukakpinar1, Cemil Gurbuz1 and Ekrem Zor2, (1)Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, (2)TUBITAK Marmara Res. Center, Kocaeli, Turkey
The Marmara Region is a rapidly deforming area with high seismic activity in the northwestern Turkey. In order to further understand the crustal structure in the region, we present results from receiver function analysis using the permanent seismic stations in the region by applying H-κ stacking algorithm which gives crustal thickness and Vp/Vs ratio beneath a station. 40 land stations between January 2008 and April 2012, and five cabled Sea Bottom Observatories which were deployed at the end of 2010 by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institue located between 40.2°-41.2° N and 26.5°-30.5° E were included in the analysis. Approximately 250 teleseismic events from a wide range of epicentral distances with magnitudes greater than Mw 5.5 are used to obtain receiver functions. Furthermore, in order to calculate the receiver functions in time domain iterative deconvolution technique suggested by Ligorria and Ammon (1999) was used. Consequently, the crustal structure of the region has been reasonably defined and compared with the other studies. As a consequence of the receiver function analysis, the Moho depth variation map and Vp/Vs ratio map were plotted. The Moho depth on average is 31 km. There are no sharp changes in the crustal thickness of the Marmara Region except North Marmara Trough where crustal thickness reaching up to 26 km in the same region was not observed. Furthermore, we found overall average Vp/Vs ratio of 1.74, for the region but we obtained low Vp/Vs ratios in the stations located near Çınarcık Basin which varies between 1.64 - 1.74 indicating the effect of basin structure in the area and North Marmara where Vp/Vs ratios vary between 1.60 and 1.70 which is related to the sediment structure of the area. We also acquired higher Vp/Vs ratios between 1.86 and 1.96 in the Western Marmara Region. This can be due to increasing mafic content in this area. Additionally, an attempt has been made to invert the radial receiver function of the station KCTX using iterative linear 1D inversion method in order to compare the Moho depth values with two different techniques.