E-DECIDER Disaster Response and Decision Support Cyberinfrastructure: Technology and Challenges

Monday, 15 December 2014: 5:15 PM
Margaret T Glasscoe1, Jay W Parker1, Marlon Edwin Pierce2, Jun Wang2, Ronald T Eguchi3, Charles K Huyck3, ZhengHui Hu3, ZhiQiang Chen4, Mark R. Yoder5, John B Rundle5 and Anne Rosinski6, (1)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, United States, (3)ImageCat, Inc., Long Beach, CA, United States, (4)University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, United States, (5)University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States, (6)California Geological Survey Menlo Park, Menlo Park, CA, United States
Timely delivery of critical information to decision makers during a disaster is essential to response and damage assessment. Key issues to an efficient emergency response after a natural disaster include rapidly processing and delivering this critical information to emergency responders and reducing human intervention as much as possible. Essential elements of information necessary to achieve situational awareness are often generated by a wide array of organizations and disciplines, using any number of geospatial and non-geospatial technologies. A key challenge is the current state of practice does not easily support information sharing and technology interoperability.

NASA E-DECIDER (Emergency Data Enhanced Cyber-Infrastructure for Disaster Evaluation and Response) has worked with the California Earthquake Clearinghouse and its partners to address these issues and challenges by adopting the XChangeCore Web Service Data Orchestration technology and participating in several earthquake response exercises.

The E-DECIDER decision support system provides rapid delivery of advanced situational awareness data products to operations centers and emergency responders in the field. Remote sensing and hazard data, model-based map products, information from simulations, damage detection, and crowdsourcing is integrated into a single geospatial view and delivered through a service oriented architecture for improved decision-making and then directly to mobile devices of responders. By adopting a Service Oriented Architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium standards, the system provides an extensible, comprehensive framework for geospatial data processing and distribution on Cloud platforms and other distributed environments.

While the Clearinghouse and its partners are not first responders, they do support the emergency response community by providing information about the damaging effects earthquakes. It is critical for decision makers to maintain a situational awareness that is knowledgeable of potential and current conditions, possible impacts on populations and infrastructure, and other key information. E-DECIDER and the Clearinghouse have worked together to address many of these issues and challenges to deliver interoperable, authoritative decision support products.