CE-QUAL-W2 Modeling of Head-of-Reservoir Conditions at Shasta Reservoir, California

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Katherine Marie Clancey1, Laurel Saito1, Connie Svoboda2, Merlynn D Bender2 and John Hannon3, (1)University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV, United States, (2)Bureau of Reclamation Denver - USBR, Technical Service Center, Denver, CO, United States, (3)Bureau of Reclamation Sacramento - USBR, Bay-Delta Office, Sacramento, CA, United States
Restoration of Chinook salmon and steelhead is a priority in the Sacramento River Basin since they were listed under the Endangered Species Act in 1989 and 1998, respectively. Construction of Shasta Dam and Reservoir obstructed fish migration, resulting in severe population declines. Efforts have been undertaken to restore the fisheries, including evaluation of opportunities for reintroducing Chinook salmon upstream of the dam and providing juvenile fish passage downstream past Shasta Dam. Shasta Reservoir and the Sacramento River and McCloud River tributaries have been modeled with CE-QUAL-W2 (W2) to assess hydrodynamic and temperature conditions with and without surface curtains to be deployed in the tributaries. Expected head-of-reservoir tributary conditions of temperature and water depth are being simulated under dry, median and wet year conditions. Model output is analyzed during months of downstream migration of fish from upstream Sacramento and McCloud River tributaries. W2 will be used to determine presence of favorable conditions for juvenile rearing with proposed surface temperature curtains. Evaluation of favorable conditions for fish includes assessment of water temperature, velocities, and depth. Preliminary results for head-of-reservoir conditions and the influence of temperature curtains modeled with W2 will be presented. Study findings may assist in formulation of juvenile fish passage alternatives for Shasta Lake.