Using Source Apportionment to Evaluate the Cross State Transport of Ozone in the Eastern United States

Monday, 15 December 2014
Daniel L Goldberg, Timothy P Canty, Linda Hembeck, Timothy Vinciguerra, Samantha F Carpenter, Daniel C Anderson, Ross J Salawitch and Russell R Dickerson, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States
The amount of air pollution crossing state lines has great policy implications. Using the ozone source apportionment tool (OSAT) in the Comprehensive Air-Quality Model with Extensions (CAMx) version 6.10, we can quantify how much ozone is generated locally versus transported from upwind locations. Initial results show that up to 70% of the surface ozone in Maryland during poor air quality days in the summer of July 2011 can be attributed to pollution from outside of the state’s borders. Modifications to the CB05 gas-phase chemistry mechanism, supported by literature recommendations and improve agreement with NASA’s DISCOVER-AQ Maryland aircraft campaign, can further increase this percentage. Additionally, we show the role of upwind sources and background ozone has become increasingly important as local emissions of ozone precursors continue to drop, starting with the steep reductions imposed in 2002 in response to Maryland’s State Implementation Plan submitted to EPA. This study suggests future efforts to control surface ozone must include a meaningful strategy for dealing with cross-state transport of ozone precursors.