Gas- and particle-phase chemical composition measurements onboard the G-1 research aircraft during the GoAmazon campaign.

Monday, 15 December 2014: 1:40 PM
John Shilling1, Mikhail Pekour1, Edward Fortner2, John Hubbe1, Karla Longo3, Scot T Martin4, Fan Mei1, Stephen R. Springston5, Jason M Tomlinson6 and Jian Wang7, (1)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, (2)Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA, United States, (3)INPE National Institute for Space Research, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, (4)Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States, (5)Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, United States, (6)Pacific Northwest National Lab, Richland, WA, United States, (7)Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY, United States
The Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon) campaign conducted from January 2014 – December 2015 in the vicinity of Manaus, Brazil, was designed to study the aerosol lifecycle and aerosol-cloud interactions in both pristine and anthropogenically influenced conditions. As part of this campaign, the DOE G-1 research aircraft was deployed from February 17th – March 25th 2014 and September 6th – October 5th 2014 to investigate aerosol and cloud properties aloft. An Aerodyne High Resolution Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) and an Ionicon Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometer (PTRMS) were part of the G-1 research aircraft payload and were used to investigate aerosol gas- and particle-phase chemical composition. Here we present preliminary analysis of the aerosol and gas phase chemical composition. PTR-MS measurements show that isoprene and its oxidation products are the dominant VOCs during research flights. HR-AMS measurements reveal that the particle phase is dominated by organic material with smaller concentrations of sulfate and nitrate observed. Organic particle concentrations are enhanced when encountering the urban plume from Manaus. During the wet season, we observe increased concentrations of organic particle when passing through low-altitude clouds. PMF analysis of the organic mass spectra shows that the chemical composition of the particles observed in-cloud is distinctly different from particles observed outside clouds. We will also compare measurements made during the wet and dry seasons.