Tectonostratigraphic reconstruction Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary in the northwestern Andes: from extensional tectonics to arc accretion.

Friday, 19 December 2014
Sebastian Zapata1,2, Ana Maria Patino1, Agustin Cardona1, Dany Mejia1, Santiago Leon1, Juan Sebastián Jaramillo1, Victor Valencia3, Mauricio Parra4 and Santiago Hincapie1, (1)Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Minas, Medellín, Colombia, (2)Corporación Geológica Ares, Bogotá, Colombia, (3)University of Washington State, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Pullman, WA, United States, (4)Institute of Energy and Environment, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Active continental margins characterized by continuous convergence experienced overimposed tectonic configurations that allowed the formation of volcanic arcs, back arc basins, transtensional divergent tectonics or the accretion of exotic volcanic terranes. Such record, particularly the extensional phases, can be partially destroyed and obscure by multiple deformational events, the accretion of exotic terranes and strike slip fragmentation along the margin.
The tectonic evolution of the northern Andes during the Mesozoic is the result of post Pangea extension followed by the installation of a long-lived Jurassic volcanic arc (209 – 136 ma) that apparently stops between 136 Ma and 110 Ma.
The Quebradagrande Complex has been define as a single Lower Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary unit exposed in the western flank of the Central Cordillera of the Colombian Andes that growth after the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous magmatic hiatus. The origin of this unit have been related either to an oceanic volcanic arc or a marginal basin environment. The existence of such contrasting models reflect the regional perspective followed in published studies and the paucity of detail analysis of the volcano-sedimentary sequences.
We integrate multiple approaches including structural mapping, stratigraphy, geochemistry, U-Pb provenance and geochronology to improve the understanding of this unit and track the earlier phases of accumulation that are mask on the overimposed tectonic history. Our preliminary results suggest the existence of different volcano-sedimentary units that accumulated between 100 Ma and 82 Ma.
The older Lower Cretaceous sequences was deposited over Triassic metamorphic continental crust and include a upward basin deepening record characterized by thick fan delta conglomerates, followed by distal turbidites and a syn-sedimentary volcanic record at 100 ma. The other sequence include a 85 – 82 Ma fringing arc that was also formed close to the continental margin or associated with a continental terrane.
This two volcano-sedimentary domains were finally juxtaposed due to the collision with an allochthonous oceanic arc that collide with the Continental margin in the Late Cretaceous marking the initiation of the Andean Orogeny.